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TITLE V: Public Works

TITLE V: PUBLIC WORKS

 

 

Chapter

 

50. GARBAGE AND REFUSE

 

51. SEWER SYSTEM AND WATER WORKS SYSTEM

 

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CHAPTER 50: GARBAGE AND REFUSE

 

 

Section

 

General Provisions

 

50.01 Hauling garbage over streets

50.02 Depositing garbage on streets and sidewalks prohibited

50.03 Burning garbage

 

Collection and Disposal

 

50.20 Pickup and disposal contracts

50.21 Use of city collection service required

50.22 Service fees

50.23 Individual agreements with approved contractors required for commercial or business

establishments

50.24 Pickup schedule

50.25 Adoption of certain standards

 

50.98 Violation

50.99 Penalty

 

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

 

' 50.0l HAULING GARBAGE OVER STREETS.

 

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to haul any solid waste material over the streets of the city in an uncovered vehicle or in a vehicle body that such material leaks or escapes through cracks or other openings in the floor, ends, or sides of the body of such vehicle.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70) Penalty, see ' 50.99

Statutory reference:

Escaping contents; shifting loads, see KRS l89.l50

 

 

' 50.02 DEPOSITING GARBAGE ON STREETS AND SIDEWALKS PROHIBITED.

 

It shall be unlawful to throw, dump, or allow any solid waste material in any manner to be deposited or allowed to accumulate on any street, alley, sidewalk, waterway, right-of-way, or elsewhere within the city.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70) Penalty, see ' 50.99

 

 

 

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' 50.03 BURNING GARBAGE.

 

It shall be unlawful to burn or attempt to burn any garbage, rubbish, or other solid waste material that any ordinary fire in a home-type incinerator will not completely destroy such as bones, cans, or bottles. This provision shall not prohibit the burning of trash, paper, or leaves on one's own premises so long as such burning does not create a nuisance to neighbors or the public in general.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70) Penalty, see ' 50.99

 

 

COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL

 

 

' 50.20 PICKUP AND DISPOSAL CONTRACTS.

 

(A) The Mayor is hereby authorized and directed to execute a contract on behalf of the city for the pickup and disposal of solid waste in accordance with the provisions of state statutes, the regulations of the State Department of Health, this chapter, and the regulations of the city Sanitation Department.

 

(B) The solid waste pickup and disposal contracts shall be commenced for such periods of time and under such terms and conditions as determined by the Commissioner of Sanitation and approved by the Mayor. Renegotiations or extensions or renewals of contracts involving any increase in cost to the city or the service fee charged shall be approved by the City Council. All contracts shall be made subject to the contractor securing and retaining all necessary state permits.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70)

 

 

' 50.2l USE OF CITY COLLECTION SERVICE REQUIRED.

 

All owners of improved real estate and the operators of businesses within the city limits shall utilize the garbage collection service of the city and pay a fee for such service.

 

 

' 50.22 SERVICE FEES.

 

(A) For pickup and disposal of solid waste materials a monthly service fee of $7.06 shall be charged for each residential unit within the city, including each apartment or mobile home or any other structure an individual or family may occupy as a dwelling place. This service fee shall, beginning with the month of January, 1981, be added to and become a part of the amount due on each residential water or sewer statement and the net amount of $5.85 shall be paid on or before the fifth day of the month following the month for which same is due. A late charge of $.59 shall be added to all monthly service fees paid later than the due date set out above making a gross of $6.44 due and owed on or after the sixth day of the following month.

 

(B) If more than one residential unit is billed for water or sewer service on one monthly statement, the number of units so served shall be multiplied by $5.85 to determine the net amount due on such water or sewer statement and a gross amount of $6.44 per unit shall become due and owed on or after the sixth of the following month.

 

(C) Any residential unit within the city that is not billed for monthly water or sewer service shall for the month of January, 1981, and each month thereafter be levied and charged a net service fee of

 

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$6 per month if paid on or before the fifth day of the following month with a gross amount of $6.59 due and owed thereafter.

 

(D) In recognition of the increasing costs of doing business in this field and in recognition of the ever-changing laws governing this business, the basic charge and the late charge for each residential unit shall be increased on an annual basis in a percentage amount that is equal to the average increase in the Consumer Price Index during the 12 months immediately preceding the rate adjustment. This increase shall be determined and shall be effective on October l of each year, but in no event shall any annual increase exceed 8% unless specifically approved by the City Council.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70; Am. Ord. 80-10, passed - -80)

 

 

' 50.23 INDIVIDUAL AGREEMENTS WITH APPROVED CONTRACTORS REQUIRED FOR

COMMERCIAL OR BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS.

 

(A) Factories, restaurants, stores, service organizations, offices, and all other business establishments within the city shall have individual agreements with the approved contractors to arrange for the pickup and disposal of all solid waste in accordance with the regulations set out in ' 50.20.

 

(B) The contractors shall negotiate a fair fee with each commercial customer within the city limits based on frequency of pickups, amount and type of solid waste, and other factors effecting cost to contractors. If the contractors and the commercial customer cannot agree as to what a fair fee for both shall be, the Sanitation Commissioner or a representative of the city to be appointed by the Mayor shall act as a mediator between the parties in disagreement and his decision shall be binding on the parties involved.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70)

 

 

' 50.24 PICKUP SCHEDULE.

 

The contractor shall set up a regular weekly schedule of pickups with one regular pickup per week from each residential unit and an agreed number of pickups per week from each commercial customer. The pickup schedule shall be approved by the Sanitation Department but extra pickups may be arranged between the residential unit owner or the commercial customer by agreement with the contractor; and the city shall not be responsible for collection for same.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70)

 

 

' 50.25 ADOPTION OF CERTAIN STANDARDS.

 

(A) The Sanitation Commissioner shall, with the assistance of such city officers and employees as designated by the Mayor, adopt regulations for the storing, picking up, and the disposal of solid waste material including but not limited to the following: type, size, and number of containers to be used by each residential unit and commercial customer; minimum sanitary standards as to storage of solid waste at all times; and rules as to placing solid waste containers outside of business structures at the side or at the rear of the main building.

 

(B) The city shall arrange and pay for notice of the regulations adopted and any amendments thereto. The pickup contractor shall arrange and pay for proper notice as to pickup schedules and

 

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changes thereof.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70)

 

 

 

' 50.98 VIOLATION.

 

It shall be unlawful to violate any provision of the regulations of the Department of Sanitation.

(Ord. passed 9-29-70) Penalty, see ' 50.99

 

 

' 50.99 PENALTY.

 

Any person, association, corporation, or other entity convicted of any violation of the provisions of '' 50.0l through 50.03 and ' 50.98 shall be fined not less than $10 or more than $100, and in cases of repeated violations may be enjoined by a court of proper jurisdiction by action to be filed by the city or any citizen. (Ord. passed 9-29-70)

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 51: SEWER SYSTEM AND WATER WORKS SYSTEM

 

 

Section

 

General Provisions

 

51.001 Purpose; policy

51.002 Definitions

51.003 Abbreviations

 

Use of Public Sewers

 

51.020 Mandatory sewer connection

51.021 Unlawful discharge to storm sewers or natural outlets

51.022 Compliance with local, state, and federal laws

51.023 Discharge of unpolluted waters into sewer

51.024 Prohibited discharges

 

Private Wastewater Disposal

 

51.030 Public sewer not available

51.031 Requirements for installation

 

Building Sewers and Connections

 

51.040 Permits

51.041 Prohibited connections

51.042 Design and installations

51.043 Inspection

 

Fees, Permits, Surcharges and Recovery Costs

 

51.050 Application fee

51.051 Industrial wastewater permit fee

51.052 Surcharges

51.053 Recovery costs

 

Pollutant Discharge Limits

 

51.060 General conditions

51.061 Restricted discharges

51.062 Dilution of wastewater discharge

51.063 Grease, oil, and sand interceptors

51.064 Special industrial pretreatment requirements

51.065 Protection from accidental and slug discharges

51.066 State requirements

51.067 City=s right of revision

51.068 Federal categorical pretreatment standards

 

 

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Grease Control Regulations

 

51.080 In general

51.081 Preventive maintenance program

51.082 Grease control program

51.083 Definitions

51.084 General criteria

51.085 Design criteria

51.086 Grease trap and interceptor maintenance

51.087 Administrative requirements

51.088 Enforcement

 

Pretreatment Program Administration

 

51.100 Wastewater discharges

51.101 Industrial user discharge permits

51.102 Permit modifications

51.103 Permit conditions

51.104 Alternative discharge limits

51.105 Permit duration

51.106 Permit transfer

51.107 Compliance data reporting

51.108 Periodic compliance reports

51.109 Permit violations

51.110 Monitoring

51.111 Inspection and sampling

51.112 Pretreatment

51.113 Annual publication

51.114 Significant non-compliance

51.115 Confidential information

51.116 Signatory requirements

 

Fees

 

51.130 Purpose

51.131 Charges and fees

 

Powers and Authority of Inspectors

 

51.140 Right to enter premises

51.141 Right to obtain information regarding discharge

51.142 Access to easements

51.143 Safety

 

Enforcement

 

51.155 General

51.156 Notice of violation

51.157 Administrative orders

51.158 Show cause hearing

51.159 Additional enforcement remedies

 

 

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Water Distribution Regulations

 

51.170 General provisions

51.171 Products

51.172 Execution

 

Sanitary Sewerage Systems

 

51.185 General provisions

51.186 Products

51.187 Execution

 

Potable Water

 

51.195 Definitions

51.196 Groundwater as potable water supply prohibited

 

General Administrative Procedures, Fees, Guidelines and Rates

 

51.205 In general

51.206 Application for existing service

51.207 Application for new service

51.208 Discontinuing service at customer request

51.209 Discontinuing service due to non-payment

51.210 Credit against customer water loss

51.211 Rates and fees for services

51.212 Termination of water service for non-payment; implementation of KRS 96.930

through 96.943

51.213 Landlord and tenant

51.214 Deposits

51.215 Inactive accounts; unpaid accounts

 

Cross Connection Prevention Program

 

51.225 Purpose; authority

51.226 Definitions

51.227 Requirements

 

51.999 Penalty

 

 

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

 

' 51.001 PURPOSE; POLICY.

 

(A) This chapter sets forth uniform requirements for direct and indirect contributors into the wastewater collection and treatment system for the City of Russellville to comply with all applicable state and federal laws required by the Clean Water Act of 1977 and the General Pretreatment Regulations (40 CFR, Part 403).

 

 

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(B) The objectives of this chapter are:

 

(1) To prevent the introduction of pollutants into the municipal wastewater system which will interfere with the operation of the system or contaminate the resulting sludge;

 

(2) To prevent the introduction of pollutants into the municipal wastewater system which will pass through the system inadequately treated into receiving waters so as to cause violations of the City of Russellville=s KPDES permit or the atmosphere or otherwise be incompatible with the system;

 

(3) To improve the opportunity to recycle and reclaim wastewaters and sludge from the system;

 

(4) To provide for equitable distribution of the cost of the City of Russellville=s wastewater system;

 

(5) To provide for the safety of the treatment plant employees; and

 

(6) To ensure that the City of Russellville complies with its KPDES or the City of Russellville non‑discharge permit conditions, sludge permit conditions, including use and disposal requirements and any other federal or state environmental laws to which the municipal wastewater system is subject.

 

(C) This chapter provides for the regulation of direct and indirect contribution to the City of Russellville=s wastewater system through the issuance of permits to certain non‑domestic users and through enforcement of general requirements for the other users, authorizes monitoring and enforcement activities, requires user reporting and provides for the setting of fees for the equitable distribution of costs resulting from the program established herein.

 

(D) This chapter shall apply to users in the City of Russellville, Kentucky, and to persons outside the city who are, by contract or agreement with the City of Russellville, are users of the publicly owned treatment works (POTW). Except as otherwise provided herein, the Public Works Director shall administer, implement, and enforce the provisions of this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9‑6‑05)

 

 

' 51.002 DEFINITIONS.

 

For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

 

ACT or THE ACT. The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also known as the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et. seq.

 

APPROVAL AUTHORITY. The Secretary of the Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet or an authorized representative thereof.

 

AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE.

 

(1) An authorized representative of a user may be:

 

(a) A principal executive officer of at least the level of vice‑president, if the industrial user is a corporation;

 

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(b) A general partner or proprietor if the user is a partnership or proprietorship, respectively;

 

(c) A duly authorized representative of the individual designated above if such representative is responsible for the overall operation of the facilities from which the indirect discharge originates.

 

(2) An authorized representative of the City of Russellville may be any person designated by the City of Russellville to act on its behalf.

 

BASELINE MONITORING REPORT (BMR). A report submitted by categorical industrial users within 180 days after the effective date of a categorical standard which indicates the compliance status of the user with the applicable categorical standard (40 CFR 403.12(b)).

 

BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure, five days at 20 degrees Celsius expressed in terms of weight and concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/l).

 

BUILDING DRAIN. That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, water, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.

 

BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal, also called HOUSE CONNECTION.

 

BUILDING SEWER PERMIT. As set forth in the subchapter entitled ABuilding Sewers and Connections@, '' 51.040 through 51.043.

 

CARBONACEOUS BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (CBOD). With chemical inhibition of nitrification, the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure, five days at 20 degrees Celsius expressed in terms of concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/l).

 

CATEGORICAL INDUSTRIAL USER. An industrial user subject to categorical pretreatment standards which have been promulgated by the EPA.

 

CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS. National Categorical Pretreatment Standards or Pretreatment Standard. Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with Section 307(b) and (c) of the Act (33 U.S.C. 1347) which applies to a specific category of industrial users.

 

CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA). (Also known as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act) enacted by Public Law 92‑500, October 18, 1972. 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq: as amended by PL 95‑217, December 28, 1977; PL 97‑117, December 29, 1981; PL 97‑440, January 8, 1983, and PL 100‑04, February 4, 1987.

 

COMBINED SEWER. Any conduit designed to carry both sanitary sewage and storm water or surface water.

 

COMBINED WASTESTREAM FORMULA (CWF). Procedure for calculating alternative discharge limits at industrial facilities where a regulated wastestream is combined with other non‑regulated wastestreams prior to treatment (40 CFR 403.7).

 

 

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COMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. Biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and fecal coliform bacteria; plus any additional pollutants identified in the POTW=s NPDES/KPDES permit, where the POTW is designed to treat such pollutants and, in fact, does treat such pollutants so as to ensure compliance with the POTW=s NPDES/KPDES permit.

 

CONCENTRATION‑BASED LIMIT. A limit based on the relative strength of a pollutant in a wastestream, usually expressed in mg/l.

 

CONTROL AUTHORITY. The City of Russellville when there exists an approved pretreatment program under the provisions of 40 CFR 403.11.

 

COOLING WATER. The water discharged from any use such as air conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or to which the only pollutant added is heat.

 

DAILY MAXIMUM. The maximum allowable value for any single observation in a given day.

 

DILUTE WASTESTREAM. Boiler blowdown, sanitary wastewater, noncontact cooling water and certain process wastestreams that have been excluded from regulation in categorical pretreatment standards because they contain none or only trace amounts of the regulated pollutant.

 

DIRECT DISCHARGE. The discharge of treated or untreated wastewater directly to the waters of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

 

DISCHARGER. Any person that discharges or causes a discharge to a public sewer.

 

DOMESTIC WASTEWATER. The water‑carried wastes produced from non‑commercial or non‑industrial activities and which result from normal human living processes.

 

EASEMENT. An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.

 

EFFLUENT. The liquid overflow of any facility designed to treat, convey or retain wastewater.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY or EPA. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, or where appropriate the term may also be used as a designation for the Administrator or other duly authorized official of that agency.

 

EQUIPMENT. All movable, non‑fixed items necessary to the wastewater treatment process.

 

FLOW PROPORTIONAL COMPOSITE SAMPLE. Combination of individual samples proportional to the flow of the wastestream at the time of sampling.

 

FLOW-WEIGHTED AVERAGING FORMULA (FWA). A procedure used to calculate alternative limits for a categorical pretreatment standard where regulated and nonregulated wastestreams combine after treatment, but prior to the monitoring point as defined in 40 CFR 403.

 

GARBAGE. The animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, and serving of foods.

 

GRAB SAMPLE. A sample which is taken from a wastestream on a one‑time basis with no regard to the flow in the waste stream and without consideration of time.

 

 

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HOLDING TANK WASTE. Any waste from holding tanks such as vessels, chemical toilets, campers, trailers, septic tanks, and vacuum‑pump tank trucks.

 

INCOMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. All pollutants other than compatible pollutants as defined above in this section.

 

INDIRECT DISCHARGE. The discharge or the introduction of non‑domestic pollutants from any source regulated under Section 307(b) or (c) of the Act, (33 U.S.C. 1317), into the POTW (including holding tank waste discharged into the system).

 

INDUSTRIAL USER (IU). A source of indirect discharge.

 

INDUSTRIAL WASTES. The wastewater from industrial or commercial processes as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.

 

INTERCEPTOR. A device designed and installed so as to separate and retain deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes which permits normal sewage or liquid wastes to discharge into the sewer or drainage system by gravity. INTERCEPTOR is commonly referred to as a grease, oil, or sand trap.

 

INTERFERENCE. A discharge which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources:

 

(1) Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment processes or operations, or its sludge processes, use or disposal; and/or

 

(2) Is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW=s NPDES/KPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with the following statutory provisions and regulations or permits issued thereunder (or more stringent state or local regulations): Section 405 of the Clean Water Act, the Solid Waste Disposal Act (SWDA) (including Title II, more commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and including state regulations contained in any state sludge management plan prepared pursuant to Subtitle D of the SWDA, the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, and the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (40 CFR 403.3).

 

MAY. This is permissive. (See SHALL.)

 

MEDICAL WASTE. Isolation wastes, infectious agents, human blood products, pathological wastes, sharps, body parts, contaminated bedding, surgical wastes, potentially contaminated laboratory wastes, and dialysis wastes.

 

MONTHLY AVERAGE. The maximum allowable value for the average of all observations obtained during one month.

 

MULTI‑UNIT SEWER CUSTOMER. A location served where there are two or more residential units or apartments, two or more businesses in the same building or complex or where there is any combination of business and residence in the same building or complex.

 

 

 

 

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NATIONAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARD or PRETREATMENT STANDARD. Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with Section 307(b) and (c) of the Clean Water Act which applies to a specific category of industrial users. This term includes prohibitive discharge limits established pursuant to 40 CFR 403.5.

 

NATIONAL (OR KENTUCKY) POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM or NPDES/KPDES PERMIT. A permit issued pursuant to Section 402 of the Act (33 U.S.C. 1332), or a permit issued by the Commonwealth of Kentucky under this authority and referred to as KPDES.

 

NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet, including storm sewers, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or groundwater.

 

NEW SOURCE.

 

(1) Any building, structure, facility or installation from which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed pretreatment standards under Section 307(c) of the Act which will be applicable to such source if such standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with that section, provided that:

 

(a) The building, structure, facility or installation is constructed at a site at which no other source is located;

 

(b) The building, structure, facility or installation totally replaces the process or production equipment that causes the discharge of pollutants at an existing source; or

 

(c) The production or wastewater generating processes of the building, structure, facility or installation are substantially independent of an existing source at the same site.

 

(2) In determining whether these are substantially independent, factors such as the extent to which the new facility is integrated with the existing plant, and the extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of activity as the existing source should be considered.

 

(3) Construction on a site at which an existing source is located results in a modification rather than a new source if the construction does not create a new building, structure, facility, or installation meeting the criteria of divisions (1) or (2) above but otherwise alters, replaces, or adds to existing process or production equipment.

 

NINETY DAY COMPLIANCE REPORT. A report submitted by a categorical industrial user, within 90 days following the date for final compliance with applicable categorical standards that documents and certifies the compliance status of the user (40 CFR 403.12(d)).

 

ORDINANCE. This chapter, unless otherwise specified.

 

PASS THROUGH. A discharge of pollutant which cannot be treated adequately by the POTW, and therefore exits into waters of the United States in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW=s NPDES/KPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) (40 CFR 403.3).

 

PERIODIC COMPLIANCE REPORT. A report on compliance status submitted by significant industrial users to the control authority at least semiannually (40 CFR 403.12(e)).

 

 

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PERSON. Any individual, partnership, co‑partnership, firm, company, corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estates, governmental entity of any other legal entity, or their legal representatives, agent or assigns. The masculine gender shall include the feminine, the singular shall include the plural where indicated by the context.

 

pH. The logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen ions, in grams, per liter of solution.

 

POLLUTION. The man‑made or man‑induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological integrity of water.

 

POLLUTANT. Any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical, wrecked or discharged equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged into water, including medical wastes, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, and certain characteristics of wastewater (e.g. pH, temperature, TSS, turbidity, color, CBOD, COD, toxicity, or odor).

 

POTW TREATMENT PLANT. That portion of the POTW designed to provide treatment to wastewater.

 

PRETREATMENT or TREATMENT. The reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater to a less harmful state prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into a POTW. The reduction or alteration can be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes, or process change(s), or other means, except as prohibited by 40 CFR 403.6(d).

 

PROCESS WASTEWATER. Any water which, during manufacturing or processing, comes into direct contact with or results from the production of or use of any raw material, intermediate product, finished product, by‑product, or waste product.

 

PRODUCTION‑BASED STANDARD. A discharge limitation expressed in terms of allowable pollutant mass discharge rate per unit of production and is applied directly to an industrial user=s manufacturing process.

 

PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD. Any regulation developed under the authority of 307(b) of the Act and 40 CFR, Section 403(5).

 

PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.

 

PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS (POTW). A treatment works as defined by Section 212 of the Act, (33 U.S.C. 1292) which is owned in this instance by the City of Russellville. This definition includes any sewers that convey wastewater to the POTW treatment plant, but does not include pipes, sewers, or other conveyances not connected to a facility providing treatment. For the purpose of this chapter, POTW shall also include any sewers that convey wastewaters to the POTW from persons outside the City of Russellville who are, by contract or agreement with the City of Russellville, users of the City of Russellville=s POTW.

 

 

 

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PUBLIC SEWER. A common sewer controlled by a governmental agency or public utility. In general, the PUBLIC SEWER shall include the main sewer in the street and the service branch to the curb or property line, or a main sewer on private property and the service branch to the extent of ownership by public authority.

 

REGULATED WASTESTREAM. An industrial process wastestream regulated by a national categorical pretreatment standard.

 

SANITARY SEWER. A sewer that carries liquid and water‑carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions.

 

SEWAGE. The spent water of a community. Domestic or sanitary waste shall mean the liquid or water‑carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, and institutions as distinct from industrial sewage. The terms SEWAGE and WASTEWATER are used interchangeably.

 

SEWERAGE. Any and all facilities used for collecting, conveying, pumping, treating and disposing of wastewater.

 

SEWER USER CHARGES. A system of charges levied on users of a POTW for the cost of operation and maintenance, including replacement of such works.

 

SEWER SYSTEM OR WORKS. All facilities for collecting, transporting, pumping, treatment and disposing of sewage and sludge, namely the sewerage system and the POTW.

 

SEWER. A pipe or conduit that carries wastewater or drainage water.

 

SHALL. Is mandatory. (See MAY.)

 

SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER (SIU). Defined by EPA guidance as:

 

(1) All industrial users subject to categorical pretreatment standards under 40 CFR 403.6 and 40 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter N; and

 

(2) Any noncategorical industrial user that:

 

(a) Discharges 25,000 gallons per day or more of process wastewater (Aprocess wastewater@ excludes sanitary noncontact cooling, and boiler blowdown wastewaters);

 

(b) Contributes a process wastestream which makes up to 5% or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic (BOD, TSS, and the like) capacity of the treatment plant; or

 

(c) Has a reasonable potential, in the opinion of the control or approval authority, to adversely affect the pollutants, sludge contamination or endangerment of POTW workers).

 

SLUG DISCHARGE. Any discharge of a non‑routine episodic nature including, but not limited to, an accidental spill or non‑customary batch discharge or any discharge of water or wastewater in which the concentration of any given constituent or quantity of flow exceeds, for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes, more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flow rate during normal operation which adversely affects the POTW.

 

 

 

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SLUG LOAD. Any pollutant (including biochemical oxygen demand) released in a discharge at a flow rate or concentration which will cause interference with the operation of the treatment works or which exceeds limits set forth in the industry=s discharge permit and which include accidental spills.

 

SPILL PREVENTION AND CONTROL PLAN. A plan prepared by an industrial user to minimize the likelihood of a spill and to expedite control and cleanup activities should a spill occur.

 

SPLIT SAMPLE. Portion of a collected sample given to the industry or to another agency to verify or compare laboratory results.

 

STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC). A classification scheme based on the type of industry or process at a facility.

 

STANDARD METHODS. The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the recent editions of AStandard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater,@ published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association, and the Water Pollution Control Federation as specified at 40 CFR 136.

 

STATE. Commonwealth of Kentucky.

 

STORM DRAIN or STORM SEWER. A drain or sewer for conveying water, groundwater, surface water, or unpolluted water from any source.

 

STORM WATER. Any flow occurring during or following any form of natural precipitation and resulting therefrom.

 

PUBLIC WORKS DIRECTOR. The person designated by the City of Russellville to supervise the publicly owned treatment works and who is charged with certain duties and responsibilities by this article or his or her duly authorized representative.

 

SURCHARGE. A charge for services in addition to the basic sewer user and debt service charges, for those users whose contributions contain biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease or ammonia‑nitrogen (NH3‑N) in concentrations which exceed limits specified herein for such pollutants. Where authorized by the control authority, payment of a surcharge will authorize the discharge of the referenced pollutants so long as the discharge does not cause pass through or interference.

 

SUSPENDED SOLIDS (TSS). Total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of, or is in suspension in, water, wastewater, or other liquids and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in AStandard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater.@

 

TIME PROPORTIONAL COMPOSITE SAMPLE. Combination of individual samples with fixed volumes taken at specific time intervals.

 

TOXIC ORGANIC MANAGEMENT PLAN. Written plan submitted by industrial users as an alternative to TTO monitoring, which specifies the toxic organic compounds used, the method of disposal used and procedures for assuring that toxic organics do not routinely spill or leak into wastewater discharged to the POTW.

 

 

 

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18 Russellville - Public Works

 

 

TOXIC POLLUTANT. Any pollutant or combination of pollutants listed as toxic in regulations promulgated by the Administrator of the EPA under the provisions of the Clean Water Act 307(a) or any amendments thereto.

 

UNPOLLUTED WATER. Water of quality equal to or better than the treatment works effluent criteria in effect, or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities.

 

UNREGULATED WASTESTREAM. A wastestream that is not regulated by a national categorical pretreatment standard.

 

USER. Any person who contributes, causes or permits the contribution of wastewater into the POTW.

 

WASTEWATER. The spent water of a community. Sanitary or domestic wastes shall mean the liquid and water‑carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings and institutions as distinct from industrial waste.

 

WASTEWATER DISCHARGE PERMIT (WDP). A permit issued to industrial users which authorizes discharges to the public sewer as set forth in '' 51.110 through 51.116.

 

WASTEWATER FACILITIES. The structures, equipment, and processes required to collect, carry away, treat domestic and industrial wastes, and dispose of the effluent.

 

WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS. An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes, and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with WASTE TREATMENT PLANT or WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT or WATER POLLUTION CONTROL PLANT or SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT.

 

WATERCOURSE. A natural or artificial channel for the passage of water either continuously or intermittently.

 

WATERS OF THE STATE. All streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, reservoirs, aquifers, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface or underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through, or border upon the state or any portion thereof.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.003 ABBREVIATIONS.

 

The following abbreviations shall have the designated meanings.

 

 

ADMI

 

American Dye Manufacturers Institute

 

ASTM

 

American Society for Testing and Materials

 

BMP

 

Best Management Practices

 

BOD

 

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

 

BPJ

 

Best Professional Judgment

 

 

 

2009 S-13

 

Sewer System and Water Works System 19

 

 

 

CFR

 

Code of Federal Regulations

 

CIU

 

Categorical Industrial User

 

COD

 

Chemical Oxygen Demand

 

CWA

 

Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et. seq.)

 

CWF

 

Combined Wastestream Formula

 

EPA

 

Environmental Protection Agency

 

FWA

 

Flow Weighted Average

 

FR

 

Federal Register

 

gpd

 

gallons per day

 

IU

 

Industrial User

 

l

 

Liter

 

mg

 

Milligrams

 

mg/l

 

Milligrams per liter

 

NPDES

 

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

 

KPDES

 

Kentucky Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

 

POTW

 

Publicly Owned Treatment Works

 

RCRA

 

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

 

SIC

 

Standard Industrial Classification

 

SIU

 

Significant Industrial User

 

SWDA

 

Solid Waste Disposal Act, 42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.

 

TSS

 

Total Suspended Solids

 

TTO

 

Total Toxic Organics

 

U.S.C.

 

United States Code

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

USE OF PUBLIC SEWERS

 

 

' 51.020 MANDATORY SEWER CONNECTION.

 

(A) The owner(s) of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the City of Russellville or any other owner who is a contract customer of the City of Russellville and whose house(s), building(s) or property abuts any street, alley, or right‑of‑way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary sewer of the City of Russellville, is hereby required at the owner=s expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper sewer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, within 90 days after date of official notice to do so, provided that the public sewer is within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of the property line.

 

(B) It shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of wastewater where public sanitary sewer service is available, as defined in division (A) above, except as provided for in '' 51.030 or 51.031.

 

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20 Russellville - Public Works

 

 

(C) At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private wastewater disposal system, a direct connection shall be made to the public system within 60 days in compliance with this chapter, and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar private wastewater disposal facilities shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with suitable material or salvaged and removed.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.021 UNLAWFUL DISCHARGE TO STORM SEWERS OR NATURAL OUTLETS.

 

(A) It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit, or permit to be deposited any pollutant in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the City of Russellville or on the public or private property of any area under the jurisdiction of the City of Russellville except in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.

 

(B) It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet or storm sewer within the City of Russellville or in private or public property of area under the jurisdiction of the City of Russellville, any sanitary wastewater or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment or management has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this chapter. No provision of this chapter shall be construed to relieve the owner of a discharge to any natural outlet of the responsibility for complying with applicable state and federal regulations governing such discharge.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.022 COMPLIANCE WITH LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL LAWS.

 

The discharge of any wastewater into the public sewer system by any person is unlawful except in compliance with the provisions of this chapter, and any more stringent state or federal standards promulgated pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, the Clean Water Act of 1977, and subsequent amendments, and 40 CFR 403.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.023 DISCHARGE OF UNPOLLUTED WATERS INTO SEWER.

 

(A) No person(s) shall discharge or cause to be discharged, through any leak, defect, or connection any unpolluted waters such as storm water, groundwater, roof runoff or subsurface drainage to any sanitary sewer, building sewer, building drain or building plumbing. The Public Works Director or his or her representative shall have the right, at any time, to inspect the inside or outside of buildings or smoke test for connections, leaks, or defects to building sewers and require disconnection or repair of any pipes carrying such water to the building sewer. No sanitary drain sump or sump pump discharge by manual switch‑over of discharge connection shall have a dual use for removal of such water.

 

(B) The owners of any building sewers having such connections, leaks, or defects shall bear all costs incidental to removal of such sources.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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' 51.024 PROHIBITED DISCHARGES.

 

No user shall contribute or cause to be contributed, directly or indirectly, any pollutant or wastewater which will interfere with performance of the POTW. These general prohibitions apply to all such users of a POTW whether or not the user is subject to national categorical pretreatment standards or any other national, state, or local pretreatment standards or requirements. A user shall not contribute the following substances to the POTW:

 

(A) Any liquids, solids or gases which by reason of their nature or quantity are, or may be, sufficient either alone or by interaction with other substances to cause fire or explosion or be injurious in any other way to the POTW or to the operation of the POTW. At no time shall the wastewater exhibit a closed cup flashpoint of less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit or 60 degrees Centigrade using the test methods specified in 40 CFR 261.21.

 

(B) Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 6.0 or higher than 9.5 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, and personnel of the POTW.

 

(C) Any slug load of pollutants, including oxygen demanding pollutants (BOD, etc.), released at a flow rate and/or concentration that will cause interference with the normal operation of the POTW.

 

(D) Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, or other interference with the proper operation of the wastewater facilities (i.e., wood, glass, ashes, sand, cinders, unshredded garbage, paper products such as cups, dishes, napkins and milk containers, and the like).

 

(E) Any wastewater having a temperature which will inhibit biological activity in the POTW treatment plant resulting in interference, but in no case wastewater with a temperature at the introduction into the POTW that will result in a treatment plant influent temperature which exceeds 40 degrees Centigrade (104 degrees Fahrenheit).

 

(F) Any pollutant(s) which result in the presence of toxic gases, vapors or fumes within the POTW in a quantity that may cause acute worker health and safety problems.

 

(G) Any substance which may cause the POTW=s effluent or any other product of the POTW such as residues, sludges, or scum, to be unsuitable for reclamation and reuse or to interfere with the reclamation process where the POTW is pursuing a reuse and reclamation program. In no case shall a substance discharged to the POTW cause the POTW to be in noncompliance with sludge use or disposal criteria, guidelines or regulations developed under Section 405 of the Act; any criteria, guidelines, or regulations affecting sludge use or disposal developed pursuant to the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, or state criteria applicable to the sludge management method being used.

 

(H) Any substance which will cause the POTW to violate its NPDES/KPDES permit and/or sludge disposal system permit.

 

(I) Petroleum oil, non‑biodegradable cutting oil, or products of mineral oil origin in amounts that will cause interference or pass through at the POTW.

 

(J) Any trucked or hauled pollutants except at discharge points designated by the POTW.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

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PRIVATE WASTEWATER DISPOSAL

 

 

' 51.030 PUBLIC SEWER NOT AVAILABLE.

 

(A) Where a public sanitary sewer is not available under the provisions of '' 51.020 through 51.024, the building sewer shall be connected, until the public sewer is available, to a private wastewater disposal system complying with the provisions of Logan County Health Department and all applicable local and state regulations.

 

(B) The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City of Russellville.

 

(C) No statement contained in this subchapter shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by applicable local or state regulations.

 

(D) Holders of NPDES/KPDES permits may be excepted. Industries with current NPDES/KPDES permits may discharge at permitted discharge points provided they are in compliance with the issuing authority.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.031 REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTALLATION.

 

(A) The type, capacity, location and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all local or state regulations.

 

(B) A permit for private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the local and state authorities.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

BUILDING SEWERS AND CONNECTIONS

 

 

' 51.040 PERMITS.

 

(A) There shall be two classes of building sewer permits required: (a) for residential and (b) for service to commercial and industrial establishments. In either case, the owner(s) or his or her agent(s) shall make application on a special form furnished by the City of Russellville. Applicants for service to commercial and industrial establishments shall be required to furnish information about all waste producing activities, wastewater characteristics and constituents. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Public Works Director or his or her designee. Details regarding commercial and industrial permits include, but are not limited to those required by this chapter. Permit and inspection fees shall be paid to the City of Russellville at the time the application is filed.

 

(B) Users shall promptly notify the City of Russellville in advance of any introduction of wastewater constituents or any substantial change in the volume or character of the wastewater

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 23

 

 

constituents being introduced into the POTW. The Public Works Director or his or her designee may deny or condition the new introduction or change in discharge based on the information submitted in the notification or additional information as may be requested.

 

(C) No person(s) shall uncover, plug or make any connection with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining permission from the Public Works Director or his or her designee.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.041 PROHIBITED CONNECTIONS.

 

No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, basement wall seepage or floor seepage, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer. Any such connections which already exist on the effective date of this chapter shall be completely and permanently disconnected within 60 days of the effective date of this chapter. The owner(s) of any building sewers having such connections, leaks or defects shall bear all costs incidental to removal of such sources. Pipes, sumps, and pumps for such sources of ground and surface water shall be separate from wastewater facilities. Removal of such sources of water without presence of separate facilities shall be evidence of drainage to public sanitary sewer.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.042 DESIGN AND INSTALLATIONS.

 

(A) A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, courtyard, or driveway. The sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer, but the City of Russellville does not and will not assume any obligation or responsibility for damage caused by or resulting from any such single connection aforementioned.

 

(B) Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Public Works Director or his or her designee, to meet all requirements of this chapter. Permit and inspection fees for new buildings using existing building sewers shall be the same as for new building sewers. If additional sewer customers are added to the old building sewers, additional sewer tap fees shall be charged accordingly even though no new sewer tap is actually made into the City of Russellville system.

 

(C) Extension of customer service lines from any point on the customer=s side of the tap for delivery of waste from any location other than that of the customer in whose name the tap is registered shall not be permitted.

 

(D) The building sewer shall be cast iron soil pipe, ASTM A‑74, latest revision, PVC (polyvinyl‑chloride) sewer pipe, ASTM D‑3034, latest revision, or ductile iron pipe, AWWA specification C‑151 cement lined, and shall meet requirements of state plumbing code. Joints shall be as set out hereinafter. Any part of the building sewer that is located within five feet of a water service pipe shall be constructed with cast iron soil pipe or ductile iron pipe, unless the building

 

 

 

 

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24 Russellville - Public Works

 

 

sewer is at least one foot deeper in the ground than the water service line. Cast iron soil pipe or ductile iron pipe may be required by the City of Russellville where the building sewer is exposed to damage or stoppage by tree roots. Cast iron soil pipe or ductile iron pipe shall be used in filled or unstable ground, in areas where the cover over the building sewer is less than three feet, or in areas where the sewer is subject to vehicular or other external loads.

 

(E) The size, slope, alignment, materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing, and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of the local and state building and plumbing codes and other applicable rules and regulations of the City of Russellville.

 

(F) All costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection to the building sewer shall be borne by the owner(s). The owner(s) shall indemnify the City of Russellville for any loss of damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer. Fees for connection shall be as established by the City of Russellville.

 

(G) The owner shall ensure that all excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City of Russellville.

 

(H) In all buildings in which any sanitary facility drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the same building sewer and the owner shall install a backflow preventer. Drain pipe and sump for collection of such sanitary drainage shall be above basement floor or in separately watertight or drained sump or channel.

 

(I) The building sewer shall be connected into the public sewer at the easement or property line. Where no property located service branch is available, an authorized agent of the City of Russellville shall cut a neat hole into the main line of the public sewer and a suitable wye or tee saddle installed to receive the building sewer. The invert of the building sewer at such point of connection with a saddle shall be in the upper quadrant to the main line of the public sewer. A neat workmanlike connection, not extending past the inner surface of the public sewer, shall be made and the saddle made secure and watertight by encasement in epoxy cement specially prepared for this purpose. A wye and H bend fitting shall be installed at the property line between the public sewer and the building sewer. This fitting shall serve the purpose of a clean out and for applying the smoke test during inspection of the line. After testing, a cast iron or ductile iron riser will be inserted in this fitting and brought flush with the ground surface. A stopper or plug, outfitted with a type joint applicable to the pipe used, shall seal this riser against the intrusion of ground or surface water.

 

(J) All building sanitary sewer lines will be installed so as to meet or exceed the most current revision of the State Plumbing Code.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.043 INSPECTION.

 

(A) The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Public Works Director or his or her designee when the building sewer is ready for connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Public Works Director or his or her representative. The connections shall be made gastight and watertight and verified by proper testing.

 

 

 

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(B) All building sewers shall be smoke tested through the wye branch at the public sewer connection, with public sewer tightly plugged off, after connections at both ends are made and after all pipe is properly bedded and backfilled at least to top of pipe and if backfill is completed, within two weeks after completion of backfill. At time of test, any openings into the building drain inside the building shall be water trapped or plugged. Any leakage of smoke from building sewer or building drain and plumbing shall be located at test and repaired to stand repetition of smoke test without leakage. When smoke testing is completed, the temporary flow line plug shall be removed and a permanent watertight plug shall be placed in branch of test wye‑branch and carefully backfilled by hand and tamped to at least six inches above the top of the branch.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

FEES, PERMITS, SURCHARGES AND RECOVERY COSTS

 

 

' 51.050 APPLICATION FEE.

 

An application fee of $50 to be paid upon application for an industrial building and sewer discharge permit is hereby imposed.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.051 INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER PERMIT FEE.

 

An industrial wastewater permit fee in the amount of $500 per year with three years payable in advance upon the issuance of the wastewater discharge permit and a like amount payable upon a renewal of the wastewater discharge permit is hereby imposed. A waste haulers permit fee of $300 per year is hereby imposed with all such haulers being required to pay a disposal fee of $12.50 for the first 1,000 gallons, and thereafter a disposal fee of $1 per 100 gallons after the first 1,000 gallons, all of which is in addition to the annual permit fee.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.052 SURCHARGES.

 

(A) It is determined from information available to the City of Russellville personnel that the discharge of other loading parameters or wastewater substances are creating increased operation and maintenance costs within the wastewater system, whether collection or treatment, and the monetary effect of such parameter or parameters should be borne by the discharger of such parameters in proportion to the amount of discharge. The surcharge is a mechanism to recover these increased system costs incurred when treating high strength wastes discharged by some industrial and commercial users to the wastewater system. The surcharge also serves as an inducement to industrial and commercial users to provide internal pretreatment of waste streams when discharges exceed defined levels. The following formula is adopted to determine the proportionate monetary effect of such discharge:

 

Cost/lb. BOD5 = (Fractional WWTP BOD5 load) x (Total annual O & M cost of wastewater system) ) (Annual total LBS BOD5 plus TSS to WWTP)

 

Fractional WWTP BOD5 load = (Total average lbs. BOD5 to WWTP) ) (Total average lbs/day BOD5 plus TSS to WWTP)

 

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Costs/lbs. TSS = (Fractional WWTP TSS load) x (Total annual O & M cost of wastewater system) ) (Annual total lbs BOD5 plus TSS to WWTP)

 

Fractional WWTP TSS load = (1 ‑ Fractional WWTP BOD5 load)

 

Cost/lb. COD = (Cost/lb. BOD5) x (.48)

 

WHERE:

 

(1) Surcharge rate for BOD5 - $1.22/pound

 

(2) Surcharge rate for COD - $1.04/pound with .48 correlation

 

(3) Surcharge rate for TSS - $.56/pound

 

(4) Surcharge rate for Ammonia NH3‑N ‑ $5.11/lb.

 

(5) Oil and grease ‑ $.82/lb.

 

(6) Industrial user=s BOD5 concentration, in mg/l

 

(7) Industrial user=s COD concentration, in mg/l

 

(8) Industrial user=s TSS concentration, in mg/l

 

(9) Industrial user=s daily flow to sewage works, in 1,000 gal/day

 

(B) A surcharge based upon this formula is hereby imposed and shall be charged to each industry affected. These bills will be sent out and paid on a monthly basis.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05; Am. Ord. 2006-19, passed 12-19-06)

 

 

' 51.053 RECOVERY COSTS.

 

The City of Russellville shall collect and recover all costs and fees for any damages done to the collection system or POTW resulting from upset, pass‑through or violation resulting from discharge made to collection system and/or POTW, as well as fees for monitoring, inspections, surveillance procedures and required test or testing for pollutants listed on the City of Russellville=s POTW KPDES permit that would not otherwise be required but resulting from industrial/commercial user=s wastestream discharge to the City of Russellville=s collection system and/or POTW.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

POLLUTANT DISCHARGE LIMITS

 

 

' 51.060 GENERAL CONDITIONS.

 

(A) The following described substances, materials, waters or wastes shall be limited in discharges to municipal systems to concentration or quantities which: will not harm either the

 

 

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sewers, wastewater treatment process or equipment, will maintain and protect water quality in the receiving stream, and will not otherwise endanger lives, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance.

 

(B) The Public Works Director or his or her designee may set additional limitations or limitations more stringent than those established in the provisions below if in his or her opinion more severe limitations are necessary to meet the above objectives. In forming his or her opinion as to the acceptability of a discharge, the Public Works Director or his or her designee shall give consideration to such factors as the quantity of subject waste in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, the wastewater treatment process employed, capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, and other pertinent factors.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.061 RESTRICTED DISCHARGES.

 

(A) Wastewater containing more than 50 milligrams per liter of petroleum oil, non biodegradable cutting oils, or products of mineral oil origin.

 

(B) Wastewater containing floatable oils, fat, or grease, whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 milligrams per liter (100 mg/l) or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures 32 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 65 degrees Centigrade).

 

(C) Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. Garbage grinders may be connected to sanitary sewers from homes, motels, institutions, restaurants, hospitals, catering establishments, or similar places where garbage originates from the preparation of food in kitchens for the purpose of consumption on the premises or when served by caterers.

 

(D) Any wastewater containing toxic pollutants in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other pollutants which: injure or interfere with any wastewater treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, causes the City of Russellville to violate the terms of its KPDES permit, prevents the use of acceptable sludge disposal methods, or exceed a limitation set forth in a categorical pretreatment standard.

 

(E) Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half‑life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the City of Russellville in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.

 

(F) Any water or wastes which by interaction with other water or wastes in the public sewer system, release obnoxious gases, form suspended solids which interfere with the collection system, or create a condition deleterious to structures and treatment processes.

 

(G) Any wastewater with objectionable color which cannot be removed to an acceptable level within the operation of the wastewater treatment process but in no case, wastewater with a color that exceeds 140 ADMI units.

 

(H) Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the wastewater treatment processes employed to the extent required by NPDES/KPDES permit.

 

(I) Any waste(s) or wastewater(s) classified as a hazardous waste by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) without a 60-day prior notification of such discharge to the Public Works Director. This notification must include the name of the hazardous waste, the EPA

 

 

 

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hazardous waste number, type of discharge, volume/mass of discharge and time of occurrence(s). The Superintendent or Director may prohibit or condition the discharge(s) at any time.

 

(J) Wastewater identified as causing, alone or in conjunction with other sources, the treatment plant=s effluent to fail a toxicity test.

 

(K) Recognizable portions of human or animal anatomy.

 

(L) Any wastes containing detergents, surface active agents, or other substances which will cause excessive foaming in the City of Russellville=s wastewater system.

 

(M) (1) Any water or wastes which have characteristics based on a 24-hour composite sample, grab or a shorter period composite sample, if more representative, that exceed the following normal maximum domestic wastewater parameter concentrations:

 

 

Parameter

 

Maximum Allowable Concentration Without Surcharges

 

CBOD5

 

200 mg/l

 

TSS

 

250 mg/l

 

NH3-N

 

40 mg/l

 

Oil & Grease (total)

 

100 mg/l

 

(2) Any person discharging wastewater exceeding the maximum allowable concentration as noted above, will be subject to a surcharge fee for each pound loading over and above the set limit. Any other amenable constituents requiring the addition of specific chemicals for proper treatment will also be subject to surcharge as noted on the wastewater discharge permit. Exceedance of the effluent limits specified above shall not be deemed to constitute a violation of a permit condition or this chapter if the appropriated surcharge fee is paid and the discharge does not cause interference or pass through of the POTW.

 

(N) The following limitations are established for characteristics of any wastewaters to be discharged into the City of Russellville=s sewer system. All significant industrial users must comply with these limitations where they are more stringent than applicable state and/or federal regulations.

 

 

RUSSELLVILLE PLANT PROTECTION CRITERIA

 

Parameter

 

Maximum Daily Limits (mg/l)

 

Arsenic, total

 

0.39

 

BOD, carbonaceous

 

1040

 

Cadmium, total

 

0.040

 

Chloride

 

Report

 

Chromium, hexavalent

 

0.85

 

Chromium, total

 

0.855

 

COD

 

Report

 

Copper, total

 

0.675

 

 

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RUSSELLVILLE PLANT PROTECTION CRITERIA

 

Parameter

 

Maximum Daily Limits (mg/l)

 

Cyanide, total amenable

 

0.20

 

Lead, total

 

0.150

 

Mercury, total

 

0.0005

 

Molybdenum, total

 

0.48

 

NH3‑N

 

40

 

Nickel, total

 

0.240

 

Oil & Grease, total

 

100

 

PCB=s, total

 

0.0002

 

Phenols, total

 

0.900

 

Phosphorous, total

 

24

 

Selenium, total

 

0.62

 

Silver, total

 

0.410

 

Total Suspended Solids

 

1300

 

Toxic Organics, total

 

2.130

 

Zinc, total

 

0.825

 

(O) The City of Russellville has received authority through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Kentucky Revised Statutes, and Kentucky Administrative Regulations to enforce the requirements of 40 CFR Subchapter N, 40 CFR 403, and 40 CFR Part 35. All users shall comply with the requirements of those regulations.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05; Am. Ord. 2006-19, passed 12-19-06)

 

 

' 51.062 DILUTION OF WASTEWATER DISCHARGE.

 

No user shall ever increase the use of process water or, in any way, attempt to dilute a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with the limitations contained in the federal categorical pretreatment standards, or in any pollutant specific limitation developed by the City of Russellville or the state.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.063 GREASE, OIL, AND SAND INTERCEPTORS.

 

Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Public Works Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing floatable grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptor shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Public Works Superintendent and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. In the maintaining of these interceptors the owner(s) shall be responsible for the proper removal and disposal by appropriate means of the captured material and shall maintain records of the dates, and means of

 

 

 

 

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disposal. The City of Russellville may require that hauling of the collected materials not performed by owner(s) personnel must be performed by currently licensed waste disposal firms. Interceptors shall also comply with applicable regulations of the Logan County Health Department.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05; Am. Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.064 SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL PRETREATMENT REQUIREMENTS.

 

(A) Pursuant to the requirements imposed on publicly owned wastewater treatment works by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 and later amendments, all pretreatment standards promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for new and existing industrial dischargers to public sewer systems are hereby made a part of this chapter. Any industrial waste discharge which violates these EPA pretreatment standards shall be in violation of this chapter.

 

(B) Where pretreatment or flow equalizing facilities are provided or required for any waters or wastes, the industry shall be solely responsible for the continued maintenance in satisfactory and effective operation of such facilities at their own expense. The City of Russellville may agree to assume these responsibilities if proper and appropriate arrangement for reimbursement of costs are made.

 

(C) (1) Any person who transports septic tank, seepage pit or cesspool contents, liquid industrial waste or other batch liquid waste and wishes to discharge such waste to the public sewer system shall first have a valid discharge permit. All applicants for a discharge permit shall complete the application form, pay the appropriate fee, and receive a copy of the City of Russellville regulations governing discharge to sewers of liquid wastes from trucks. All persons receiving such permits shall agree, in writing, to abide by all applicable provisions of this chapter, and any other special provisions that may be established by the City of Russellville as necessary for the proper operation and maintenance of the sewerage system.

 

(2) In addition any person holding a valid permit and wishing to discharge to the wastewater treatment plant must submit to the Chief Operator a sample of each load prior to discharge. A fee and payment schedule shall be established in the permit to cover cost of the required analysis.

 

(3) It shall be illegal to discharge any batch liquid waste into any manhole or other part of the public sewer system, or any building sewer or other facility that discharges to the public sewer system, except at designated points of discharge specified by the City of Russellville for such purpose.

 

(4) Any liquid waste hauler illegally discharging to the public sewer system or discharging wastewater not authorized in the permit shall be subject to immediate revocation of discharge privileges and further subject to the penalties and enforcement actions prescribed in '' 51.135 through 51.139, including fines and imprisonment.

 

(5) Waste haulers who have been granted permission to discharge to the public sewer system shall pay fees for such discharge in accordance with a fee schedule established by the Public Works Director and approved by the City of Russellville.

 

(6) Nothing in this chapter shall relieve waste haulers of the responsibility for compliance with county Health Department, state, city or federal regulations.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

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' 51.065 PROTECTION FROM ACCIDENTAL AND SLUG DISCHARGES.

 

(A) (1) Each significant industrial user shall provide protection from accidental and/or slug discharges of prohibited materials or other substances regulated by this chapter which adversely affects the POTW. Facilities to prevent accidental and/or slug discharges of prohibited materials shall be provided and maintained at the owner or user=s own cost and expense. Once every two years, the Public Works Director will determine whether each industrial user needs to develop or update a plan to control slug discharges. If the Public Works Director determines that a slug control plan or revision is necessary, the plan shall contain the following:

 

(a) Description of discharge practices;

 

(b) Description of stored chemicals;

 

(c) Procedures for notifying the POTW;

 

(d) Prevention procedures for spills.

 

(2) In the case of all possible or actual accidental and/or slug discharges, it is the responsibility of the user to immediately telephone and notify the POTW of the incident. The notification shall include location of discharge, type of waste, concentration and volume, and corrective actions.

 

(B) Written notice. Within five days following an accidental discharge, the user shall submit to the Public Works Director a detailed written report describing the cause of the discharge and the measures to be taken by the user to prevent similar future occurrences. Such notification shall not relieve the user of any expense, loss, damage, or other liability which may be incurred as a result of damage to the POTW, fish kills, or any other damage to person or property; nor shall such notification relieve the user of any fines, civil penalties, or other liability which may be imposed by this subchapter, the enforcement response plan or other applicable law.

 

(C) Notice to employees. A notice shall be permanently posted on the user=s bulletin board or other prominent place advising employees whom to call in the event of a dangerous discharge. Employers shall ensure that all employees who may cause or suffer such a dangerous discharge to occur are advised of the emergency notification procedure.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.066 STATE REQUIREMENTS.

 

State requirements and limitations on discharges shall apply in any case where they are more stringent than federal requirements and limitations or those in this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.067 CITY=S RIGHT OF REVISION.

 

The City of Russellville reserves the right to establish more stringent limitations, or requirements on discharges to the POTW if deemed necessary to comply with the objectives presented in this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

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' 51.068 FEDERAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS.

 

Upon the promulgation of federal categorical pretreatment standards for a particular industrial subcategory, the federal standard, if more stringent than limitations imposed under this chapter for sources in that subcategory, shall immediately supersede the limitations imposed under this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

GREASE CONTROL REGULATIONS

 

 

' 51.080 IN GENERAL.

 

Grease is one of the primary causes of stoppages, backups, and overflows in a wastewater collection system. Grease buildup in the sewers also causes restrictions and capacity problems. The goal of the City of Russellville is to improve sewer service by reducing the impact of grease. This goal will be achieved through two related programs set forth in '' 51.081 and 51.082.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.081 PREVENTION MAINTENANCE PROGRAM.

 

The City of Russellville=s field control program, through which identified grease problem areas are routinely cleaned and inspected. The city is responsible for the field control of grease, through its normal collection system operations.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.082 GREASE CONTROL PROGRAM.

 

The City of Russellville=s source control program, through which food service facilities (FCFs) are required to capture and properly dispose of the grease generated by their operation. The focus of this subchapter is the grease control program, including the proper sizing, installation and maintenance of grease interceptors. The administrative and inspection requirements are established as well. Through the cooperative efforts of FSFs with the city, the goal of improved sewer service through proper grease control can be achieved.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.083 DEFINITIONS.

 

For the purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

 

NPDES. An acronym for the NATIONAL POLLUTION DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM under which the city=s wastewater treatment plants are permitted.

 

POTW. An acronym for PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT WORKS or TREATMENT WORKS as defined in Section 212 of the Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1292) which is owned or operated in this

 

 

 

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instance by the City of Russellville. This definition includes any sewers that convey wastewater to the city=s sewage treatment plant.

 

PRETREATMENT COORDINATOR. An individual employed by the City of Russellville who is charged with the responsibility of administering the provisions of the pretreatment program to ensure compliance by users with applicable laws, rules, regulations, resolutions and ordinances relative to the concentration(s) of substances found in the waste stream of facilities connected to the POTW.

 

USER. A City of Russellville customer operating a food service facility inside the city wastewater service area.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.084 GENERAL CRITERIA.

 

(A) Installation requirements for new food service facilities. All proposed or newly remodeled food service facilities inside the City of Russellville wastewater service area shall be required to install an approved, properly operated and maintained grease interceptor.

 

(B) Phased implementation plan for existing food service facilities. All existing food service facilities inside the City of Russellville wastewater service area are expected to conduct their operations in such a way that grease is captured on the user=s premises and then disposed of properly. Existing food service facilities will typically be handled under the city=s grease control program.

 

(1) The City of Russellville will periodically inspect each food service facility on an as-needed basis to assure that each facility is complying with the intent of the grease control program. The City of Russellville=s goal is to achieve compliance by all existing food service facilities by January 1, 2005.

 

(2) Through preventive maintenance records or emergency calls related to grease, the City of Russellville will identify and target grease problem areas in the wastewater collection system. Food service facilities located upstream of these problem areas and discharge their waste water into problem lines will be identified as potential contributors to the grease build-up. The City of Russellville inspects the grease interceptors of all food service facilities in the vicinity of the problem area, making note of maintenance records, sizing and condition.

 

(3) Following the inspections, the City of Russellville will send written notice to the inspected food service facilities, containing and educational brochure on grease in the sewer system, a summary of the policy requirements, and the results of the inspection. The inspections will typically result in one of the following actions:

 

(a) Facilities may be required to develop and submit to the City of Russellville a proposed plan designed to achieve compliance through improved housekeeping and increased maintenance and pumping on the existing grease interceptor/equipment.

 

(b) Facilities that are not successful in achieving compliance with the intent of the grease control program through improved housekeeping and increased maintenance and pumping on the existing grease interceptor/equipment will be required to install the necessary interceptor/equipment to bring the facility into compliance. An appropriate amount of time will be agreed upon between the city and the customer.

 

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(C) Prohibited discharges. Black water shall not be discharged to the grease interceptor unless specifically approved, in writing, by the city.

 

(D) Garbage grinders and dishwashers.

 

(1) The City of Russellville recommends that solid food waste products be disposed of through normal solid waste/garbage disposal procedures. The use of garbage grinders that discharge to the sanitary sewer is discouraged within the city=s wastewater service area but in the event that the device is used in a commercial or industrial facility, it must be connected to the grease interceptor. The use of a garbage grinder decreases the operational capacity of the grease interceptor and will require an increased pumping frequency to ensure continuous and effective operation.

 

(2) Commercial dishwasher connections must be connected to the grease interceptor. Food particles from garbage grinders take up storage capacity in the grease interceptor and will require that the interceptor be pumped more frequently. Dishwashers discharge hot water and soap, which can melt greases stored in an overburdened interceptor. Melted grease may then pass through the interceptor into the customer=s service line and the public sewer system, where the grease hardens and causes line clogs.

 

(a) Although not recommended, existing food service facilities may allow any fixture to remain connected to a grease interceptor, except fixtures which may discharge black water.

 

(b) Proposed and remodeled food service facilities may not connect janitor sinks or black water fixtures to a grease interceptor.

 

(E) Location.

 

(1) Each grease trap and grease interceptor shall be installed and connected so that it is easily accessible for inspection, cleaning, and removal of the intercepted grease at any time. A grease interceptor may not be installed in any part of a building unless approved in writing by the City of Russellville.

 

(2) Location of grease interceptors shall meet the approval of the City of Russellville. The best location is in an area outside of an outside wall, but upstream from the black water drain line(s).

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.085 DESIGN CRITERIA.

 

(A) Construction of interceptors. Grease interceptors shall be constructed in accordance with the City of Russellville=s standards and shall have a minimum of two compartments with fittings designed for grease retention. All grease removal devices or technologies shall be subject to the written approval of the City of Russellville. Such approval shall be based on demonstrated removal efficiencies of the proposed technology. The City of Russellville=s standard drawing for grease interceptors is shown in Appendix A to Ord. 2005-14.

 

(B) Interceptor sizing. The required size of a grease interceptor shall be approximated by using the City of Russellville grease interceptor sizing formula shown in Appendix B to Ord. 2005-14. Most grease interceptors will have a capacity of not less than 1,000 gallons nor exceed a capacity of 3,000 gallons. If the calculated capacity using the City of Russellville grease interceptor sizing formula exceeds 3,000 gallons, multiple units in series shall be installed. (See Appendix B to Ord. 2005-14 for example of formula).

 

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(C) Grease interceptor designs represent minimum standards for normal usage. Installations with heavier usage require more stringent measures for which the user is responsible and shall pay the costs to provide additional measures if required by the City of Russellville. The City of Russellville reserves the right to evaluate interceptor sizing on an individual basis for facilities with special conditions, such as highly variable flows, high levels of grease discharge, or other unusual situations that are not adequately addressed by the formula.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.086 GREASE TRAP AND INTERCEPTOR MAINTENANCE.

 

(A) Cleaning/pumping frequency. Under the sink grease traps must be cleaned no less than weekly. If grease traps are more than 50% full when cleaned weekly, the frequency shall be increased. Grease interceptors must be pumped out completely a minimum of once every three months, or more frequently as needed to prevent carry over of grease into the sanitary sewer collection system, unless it can be demonstrated to the City of Russellville that the pumping frequency can be extended past the three‑month period.

 

(B) Disposal of grease interceptor waste. All waste removed from each grease interceptor must be disposed of at a facility approved by the City of Russellville to receive such waste in accordance with the provisions of this program. In no way shall the pumpage be returned to any private or public portion of the sanitary sewer collection system.

 

(C) Additives. Any additive(s) placed into the grease interceptor or building discharge line system on a constant, regular, or scheduled basis shall be reported to the City of Russellville. Such additives shall include, but not be limited to, enzymes, commercially available bacteria, or other additives designed to absorb, purge, consume, treat, or otherwise eliminate fats, oils, and grease. The use of additives shall in no way be considered as a substitution to the maintenance procedures required herein.

 

(D) Manifest. All pumpage from grease interceptors must be tracked by a manifest, which confirms pumping, hauling, and disposal of waste. The customer must obtain a copy of the original manifest from the hauler. The original manifest with original signatures must be left at the disposal facility. The customer is required to utilize only City of Russellville permitted haulers for the disposal of grease.

 

(E) Maintenance log. A grease interceptor cleaning record maintenance log indicating each pumping for the previous 24 months shall be maintained by each FSF. This log shall include the date, time, amount pumped, hauler, and disposal site and shall be kept in a conspicuous location for inspection. This log shall be made immediately available to the City of Russellville representative upon request.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.087 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS.

 

(A) Initial data acquisition. Upon inspection of each FSF, the City of Russellville=s inspector shall collect the necessary grease control data to facilitate the population of the City of Russellville=s grease control program database. The database will be updated with additional or modified information after each inspection.

 

 

 

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(B) Administrative fee. An administrative fee for facilities with grease discharges shall be set by the City of Russellville. The fee shall be established to insure full cost recovery and shall include but not be limited to the cost of field, administrative, engineering, and clerical expenses involved. The fees shall be not less than $350 per year for each facility. The annual administrative fee shall be applied to the customer=s July water and sewer service bill and be paid in accordance with this chapter.

 

(C) Monitoring. As a condition for service, the user shall provide, operate, and maintain, at user=s expense, safe and accessible monitoring facilities (such as a suitable manhole) at all times to allow observation, inspection, sampling, and flow measurement of the building sewer or internal drainage systems. There shall be ample room in or near such monitoring facility to allow accurate sampling and preparation of samples for analysis. When the physical location and hydraulic conditions are suitable, a manhole or similar facility existing on the sanitary sewer collection system may be utilized as the user=s manhole when agreed to by both the user and the City of Russellville.

 

(D) Inspection and entry. Authorized personnel of the City of Russellville, bearing proper credentials and identification, shall have the right to enter upon all properties subject to this program, at any time and without prior notification, for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, testing or record review, in accordance with this program.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

' 51.088 ENFORCEMENT.

 

The City of Russellville shall have the administrative authority to enforce this program. Whenever the City of Russellville finds that any user has violated or is violating this program, or any prohibition, limitation, or requirements contained herein, the City of Russellville will initiate corrective action, which may include but not be limited to the following:

 

(A) Notice of violation. The City of Russellville may issue any user a written notice stating the nature of violation. Within 15 days of the date of notice, a plan for the satisfactory correction thereof shall be submitted to the City of Russellville by the user.

 

(B) Consent order. The City of Russellville may enter into consent orders, assurances of voluntary compliance or other similar documents establishing an agreement with the user responsible for noncompliance. Such orders will include specific action to be taken by the user to correct the noncompliance with a time period specified by the order.

 

(C) Administrative order. When the City of Russellville finds that a user has violated or continues to violate the provisions set forth in this program, or the order issued thereunder, the City of Russellville may issue an order for compliance to the user responsible for the discharge. Orders may contain any requirements as might be reasonable, necessary, and appropriate to address the noncompliance, including but not be limited to the installation of pretreatment technology, additional self‑monitoring, and management practices.

 

(D) Emergency suspension of services.

 

(1) The City of Russellville may suspend water or sewer service when such suspension is necessary, in the opinion of the City of Russellville in order to stop an actual or threatened discharge which causes the City of Russellville to violate any condition of its KPDES permits.

 

 

 

 

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(2) Any person notified of a suspension of the water or sewer service shall immediately stop or eliminate the discharge. In the event of a failure of the person to comply voluntarily with the suspension order, the City of Russellville shall take such steps as deemed necessary, including immediate termination of water or sewer service, to prevent or minimize damage to the POTW system or sewer connection or endangerment to any individuals. The City of Russellville shall reinstate the water or sewer service when such conditions causing the suspension have been eliminated and the reconnection fee paid. A detailed written statement submitted by the user describing the cause(s) of the harmful discharge and the measure(s) taken to prevent any future occurrence shall be submitted to the City of Russellville within 15 days of the date of occurrence.

 

(E) Administrative penalty. Notwithstanding any other remedies or procedures available to the City of Russellville any user who is found to have violated any provision of this program, or any order issued hereunder, may be assessed an administrative penalty of not to exceed $1,000 per violation. Each day on which noncompliance shall occur or continue shall be deemed a separate and distinct violation. Such assessment may be added to the user=s next scheduled sewer service charge and the City of Russellville shall have such other collection remedies as are available by law.

 

(F) Request for hearing and appeal.

 

(1) Any person affected by a penalty, order, or directive of CIMA the City of Russellville issued pursuant to this program may, within ten days of the issuance of such penalty, order, or directive, request a hearing in writing before the City Council of the City of Russellville to show cause why such should be modified or made to not apply to such person. The requested hearing shall be held as soon as practical after receiving the request, at which time the person affected shall have an opportunity to be heard.

 

(2) The cited party shall have the right to be represented by counsel, to call witnesses and confront the City of Russellville=s witnesses under cross‑examination.

 

(3) At the conclusion of the hearing, the City Council of the City of Russellville shall issue a written response to the person requesting the hearing affirming, modifying, or rescinding the penalty, order, or directive at issue.

 

(4) This written response will be a final and appealable order of the City Council of the City of Russellville. Any appeal shall be filed with the Logan Circuit Court Clerk within 30 days of the date the written response is received by the cited party.

 

(5) Nothing herein shall limit the City of Russellville from seeking temporary or permanent injunctive relief in a court of competent jurisdictioni, and to seek civil monetary damages for violation of this subchapter.

(Ord. 2005-14, passed 9-20-05)

 

 

 

PRETREATMENT PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION

 

 

' 51.100 WASTEWATER DISCHARGES.

 

(A) It shall be unlawful to discharge to the POTW any wastewater except as authorized by the City of Russellville in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

 

 

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(B) Any agency, non‑domestic user, and/or industry outside the jurisdiction of the City of Russellville that desires to contribute wastewater to the POTW must execute (through an authorized representative) an inter‑jurisdictional agreement, whereby the agency and/or industry agrees to be regulated by all provisions of this chapter and state and federal regulations. An industrial user permit may then be issued by the Public Works Director in accordance with ' 51.101.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.101 INDUSTRIAL USER DISCHARGE PERMITS.

 

(A) General. All significant industrial users proposing to connect to or to contribute to the POTW shall obtain an industrial user permit before connecting to or contributing to the POTW.

 

(B) Permit application. Users required to obtain an industrial user permit shall complete and file with the City of Russellville, an application in the form prescribed by the City of Russellville, and accompanied by a permit fee. New users shall apply at least 90 days prior to connecting to or contributing to the POTW. Existing permit holder shall apply no later than 60 days prior to expiration of permit. In support of the application, the user shall submit, in units and terms appropriate for evaluation, the following information:

 

(1) Name, address, and location if different from the address;

 

(2) SIC number(s) according to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, United States Bureau of the Budget, 1972, as amended;

 

(3) Wastewater constituents and characteristics as determined by an analytical laboratory acceptable to the City of Russellville; sampling and analysis shall be performed in accordance with procedures established by the EPA pursuant to Section 304(g) of the Act and contained in 40 CFR, Part 136, as amended;

 

(4) Time and duration of contribution;

 

(5) Average daily and 30-minute peak wastewater flow rates, including daily, monthly and seasonal variations if any;

 

(6) Site plans, floor plans, mechanical and plumbing plans and details to show all sewers, sewer connections, and appurtenances by the size, location and elevation;

 

(7) Description of activities, facilities, and plant processes on the premises including all materials which are or could be discharged;

 

(8) Where known, the nature and concentration of any pollutants in the discharge which are limited by the City of Russellville, state or federal pretreatment standards, and a statement regarding whether or not the pretreatment standards are being met on a consistent basis and if not, whether additional pretreatment is required for the user to meet applicable pretreatment standards;

 

(9) If additional pretreatment will be required to meet the pretreatment standards, the shortest schedule by which the user will provide such additional pretreatment. The completion date in this schedule shall not be later than the compliance date established for the applicable pretreatment standards. The following conditions shall apply to this schedule:

 

(a) The schedule must be acceptable to the City of Russellville.

 

 

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(b) The schedule shall contain increments of progress in the form of dates for the commencement and completion of major events leading to the construction and operation of additional pretreatment required for the user to meet the applicable pretreatment standards.

 

(c) Not later than 14 days following each date in the schedule and the final date for compliance, the user shall submit a progress report to the Public Works Director including, as a minimum, whether or not it complied with the increment of progress to be met on such date and, if not, the date on which it expects to comply with this increment of progress and the reason for delay, and the steps being taken by the user to return the construction to the schedule established;

 

(10) Each product produced by type, amount, process or processes, and the rate of production;

 

(11) Type and amount of raw materials processed (average and maximum per day);

 

(12) Number of employees, and hours of operation of plant and proposed or actual hours of operation of pretreatment system;

 

(13) Any other information as may be deemed by the City of Russellville to be necessary to evaluate the permit application;

 

(14) A copy of the industry=s written environmental control program, comparable document, or policy.

 

(C) Issuance. The City of Russellville shall evaluate the data furnished by the user and may require additional information. After evaluation and acceptance of the data furnished, the Director or his or her designee may issue an industrial wastewater discharge permit subject to terms and conditions provided herein.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.102 PERMIT MODIFICATIONS.

 

Within nine months of the promulgation of national categorical pretreatment standards, the industrial wastewater discharge permit of users subject to such standards shall be revised to require compliance with such standards within the time frame prescribed by such standards. Where a user, subject to national categorical pretreatment standards, has not previously submitted an application for an industrial wastewater discharge permit as required, the user shall apply for an industrial wastewater discharge permit within 90 days after the promulgation of the applicable national categorical pretreatment standards. In addition, the user with an existing industrial wastewater discharge permit shall submit, to the Director within 90 days after the promulgation of an applicable federal categorical pretreatment standard, the information required by this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.103 PERMIT CONDITIONS.

 

Industrial wastewater discharge permits shall be expressly subject to all provisions of this chapter and all other applicable regulations, user charges and fees established by the City of Russellville. Permits may contain the following:

 

 

 

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(A) The unit surcharges or schedule of other charges and fees for the wastewater to be discharged to a community sewer;

 

(B) Limits on the average and/or maximum wastewater constituents and characteristics;

 

(C) Limits on average and/or maximum rate and time of discharge or requirements for flow regulations and equalization;

 

(D) Requirements for installation and maintenance of inspection and sampling facilities;

 

(E) Specifications for monitoring programs which may include sampling location; frequency of sampling; number, type and standards for tests; and reporting schedule;

 

(F) Compliance schedules;

 

(G) Requirements for submission of technical reports or discharge reports;

 

(H) Requirements for maintaining and retaining, for a minimum of three years, all plant records relating to pretreatment and/or wastewater discharge as specified by the City of Russellville, and affording the City of Russellville access thereto as required by 40 CFR 403.12(o)(2);

 

(I) Requirements for notification of the City of Russellville of any new introduction of wastewater constituents or any substantial change in the volume or character of the wastewater constituents being introduced into the wastewater treatment system;

 

(J) Requirements for notification of slug discharges;

 

(K) The permit may require the user to reimburse the City of Russellville for all expenses related to monitoring, sampling and testing performed at the direction of the Director and deemed necessary by the City of Russellville to verify that the user is in compliance with the permit;

 

(L) Other conditions as deemed appropriate by the City of Russellville to ensure compliance with this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.104 ALTERNATIVE DISCHARGE LIMITS.

 

(A) Where an effluent from a categorical industrial process(es) is mixed prior to treatment with wastewater other than that generated by the regulated process, fixed alternative discharge limits may be derived for the discharge permit by the Public Works Director. These alternative limits shall be applied to the mixed effluent and shall be calculated using the combined wastestream formula and/or flow‑weighted average formula as defined in ' 51.002.

 

(B) Where the effluent limits in a categorical pretreatment standard are expressed only in terms of mass of pollutants per unit of production (production‑based standard), the Public Works Director may convert the limits to equivalent limitations expressed either as mass of pollutant discharged per day or of effluent concentration for purposes of calculating effluent permit limitations applicable to the permittee. The permittee shall be subject to all permit limits calculated in this manner under 40 CFR 403.6(c) and must fully comply with these alternative limits.

 

 

 

 

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(C) All categorical users subject to production‑based standards must report production rates annually so that alternative permit limits can be calculated if necessary. The categorical user must notify the Public Works Director 30 days in advance of any major change in production levels that will affect the limits for the discharge permit.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.105 PERMIT DURATION.

 

Permits shall be issued for a specified time period, not to exceed five years. A permit may be issued for a period less than a year or may be stated to expire on a specific date. The user shall apply for permit reissuance a minimum of 60 days prior to the expiration of the user=s existing permit. The terms and conditions of the permit may be subject to modification by the City of Russellville during the term of the permit as limitations or requirements as identified in '' 51.050 through 51.053 are modified or other just cause exists. The user shall be informed of any proposed changes in their permit at least 30 days prior to the effective date of change. Any changes or new conditions in the permit shall include a reasonable time schedule for compliance.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.106 PERMIT TRANSFER.

 

Industrial user permits are issued to a specific user for a specific operation. An industrial user permit shall not be reassigned or transferred or sold to a new owner, new user, different premises, or a new or changed operation without a 30-day prior notification to the Public Works Director and provision of a copy of the existing permit to the new owner. The Public Works Director may deny the transfer of the permit if it is deemed necessary.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.107 COMPLIANCE DATA REPORTING.

 

Within 90 days following the date for final compliance with applicable categorical pretreatment standards or, in the case of a new user, following commencement of the introduction of wastewater into the POTW, any user subject to federal categorical pretreatment standards and requirements shall submit, to the Public Works Director, a report indicating the nature and concentration of all pollutants in the discharge from the regulated process which are limited by categorical pretreatment standards and requirements and the average and maximum daily flow for these process units in the user=s facility which are limited by such categorical standards and requirements. The report shall state whether the applicable categorical pretreatment standards and requirements are being met on a consistent basis and, if not, what additional pretreatment and time schedule is necessary to bring the user into compliance with the applicable categorical pretreatment standards or requirements. This statement shall be signed by an authorized representative of the user.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.108 PERIODIC COMPLIANCE REPORTS.

 

(A) All significant industrial users shall submit, to the Public Works Director, every six months (on dates specified in the industrial user permit) unless required more frequently by the permit, a report indicating, at a minimum, the nature and concentration, of pollutants in the effluent which are

 

 

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limited by such pretreatment standards or discharge permit. In addition, this report shall include a record of all daily flows which during the reporting period exceeded the average daily flow. At the discretion of the Public Works Director and in consideration of such factors as local high or low flow rates, holidays, budget cycles, and the like, the Public Works Director may agree to alter the months during which the above reports are to be submitted.

 

(B) All analyses shall be performed by a laboratory acceptable to the City of Russellville. Analytical procedures shall be in accordance with procedures established by the U.S. EPA Administrator pursuant to Section 304(g) of the Act and contained in 40 CFR, Part 136 and amendments thereto and 40 CFR 261 or with any other test procedures approved by the U.S. EPA Administrator. Sampling shall be performed in accordance with the techniques approved by the U.S. EPA Administrator.

 

(C) Where 40 CFR, Part 136 does not include a sampling or analytical technique for the pollutant(s) in question, sampling and analysis shall be performed in accordance with the procedures set forth in the EPA publication ASampling and Analysis Procedures for Screening of Industrial Effluents for Priority Pollutants,@ April 1977, and amendments thereto, or with any other sampling and analytical procedures approved by the U.S. EPA Administrator.

 

(D) A baseline monitoring report (BMR) must be submitted to the Public Works Director by all categorical industrial users at least 90 days prior to initiation of discharge to the sanitary sewer. The BMR must contain, at a minimum, the following:

 

(1) Production data: a process description, SIC code number, raw materials used, chemicals used, final product, pretreatment industrial category (if applicable), and a schematic which indicates points of discharge to the sewer system.

 

(2) Identifying information to include name, address of facility, owner(s), contact person and any other permits held by the facility.

 

(3) Wastewater characteristics: total plant flow, types of discharges, average and maximum flows from each process.

 

(4) Nature/concentration of pollutants: analytical results for all pollutants regulated by this chapter and/or any applicable federal pretreatment standard and sample type and location. All analyses must conform with 40 CFR, Part 136 and amendments thereto.

 

(5) Information concerning any pretreatment equipment used to treat the facility=s discharge.

 

(E) New sources shall give estimates of the information requested in divisions (E)(4) and (E)(5) above, but at no time shall a new source commence discharge(s) to the public sewer of substances that do not meet provisions of this chapter. All new sources must be in compliance with all provisions of this chapter, state and federal pretreatment regulations prior to commencement of discharge to the public sewer.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.109 PERMIT VIOLATIONS.

 

(A) All significant industrial users must notify the Public Works Director within 24 hours of first becoming aware of a permit violation. This notification shall include the date of violation, the parameter violated and the amount in exceedance.

 

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(B) The user shall immediately repeat the sampling and analysis of the parameter(s) in question and submit the results to the Public Works Director within 30 days after becoming aware of the violation. Exception to this regulation is only if the City of Russellville performs the sampling within the same time period for the same parameter(s) in question.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.110 MONITORING.

 

(A) (1) The City of Russellville shall require significant users to provide and operate, at the user=s own expense, monitoring facilities and equipment necessary to allow inspection, sampling, and flow measurement of the building sewer and/or internal drainage system. The monitoring facility should normally be situated on the user=s premises, but the City of Russellville may, when such a location would be impractical or cause undue hardship on the user, allow the facility to be constructed in a public right‑of‑way. The Public Works Director shall review and approve the location, plans, and specifications for such monitoring facilities and may require them to be constructed to provide for the separate monitoring and sampling of industrial waste and sanitary sewage flows.

 

(2) There shall be ample room in or near such sampling manhole or facility to allow accurate sampling and preparation of samples for analysis. The facility shall be designed and maintained in a manner such that the safety of the City of Russellville and industrial personnel shall be foremost. The facility, sampling, and measuring equipment shall be maintained at all times in a proper operating condition at the expense of the user.

 

(3) Whether constructed on public or private property, the sampling and monitoring facilities shall be provided in accordance with the City of Russellville=s requirements and all applicable local construction standards and specifications. Construction shall be completed within 90 days following approval of the location, plans and specifications.

 

(B) All sampling analyses done in accordance with approved federal EPA procedures by the industrial user during a reporting period shall be submitted to the Public Works Director regardless of whether or not that analysis was required by the industrial user=s discharge permit.

 

(C) The industrial user must receive the approval of the Public Works Director before changing the sampling point and/or monitoring facilities to be used in all required sampling.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.111 INSPECTION AND SAMPLING.

 

(A) The City of Russellville shall inspect the facilities of any user to ascertain whether the purpose of this chapter is being met and all requirements are being complied with. Persons or occupants of premises where wastewater is created or discharged shall allow the City of Russellville or their representative ready access at all reasonable times to all parts of the premises for the purposes of inspection, sampling, copying records, records examination or in the performance of any of their duties.

 

(B) The City of Russellville, the approval authority, and the EPA shall have the right to set up on the user=s property such devices as are necessary to conduct sampling, inspection, compliance monitoring and/or metering operations. Where a user has security measures in force which would

 

 

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require proper identification and clearance before entry onto their premises, the user shall make the necessary arrangements with their security guards so that upon presentation of suitable identification, personnel from the City of Russellville, the approval authority and the EPA will be permitted to enter, without delay, for the purposes of performing their specific responsibilities.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.112 PRETREATMENT.

 

All significant industrial users shall provide necessary wastewater treatment as required to comply with this chapter and achieve compliance with any applicable federal categorical pretreatment standards within the time limitations as specified by the federal pretreatment regulations. The City of Russellville may require the development of a compliance schedule for installation of pretreatment technology and/or equipment by any industrial user that cannot meet discharge limits required by this chapter. Any facilities required to pretreat wastewater to a level required by this chapter shall be provided, operated, and maintained at the user=s expense. Detailed plans showing the pretreatment facilities and operating procedures shall be submitted to the City of Russellville for review, and shall be acceptable to the City of Russellville before construction of the facility. The review of such plans and operating procedures will in no way relieve the user from the responsibility of modifying the facility as necessary to produce an effluent that complies with the provisions of this chapter. Any subsequent changes in the pretreatment facilities or method of operation shall be reported to and be acceptable to the City of Russellville prior to the user=s initiation of the changes.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.113 ANNUAL PUBLICATION.

 

(A) The City of Russellville shall annually publish in the largest newspaper in general circulation in Logan County, Kentucky, a list of significant users which were in significant noncompliance with any pretreatment requirements or standards. The notification shall also summarize any enforcement actions taken against the user(s) during the same 12 months.

 

(B) All records relating to the City of Russellville=s pretreatment program shall be made available to officials of the EPA or the approval authority upon request. All records shall be maintained for a minimum of three years in accordance with 40 CFR 403.12(o)(2).

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.114 SIGNIFICANT NON‑COMPLIANCE.

 

A USER is defined as being in significant noncompliance when it commits one or more of the following conditions:

 

(A) Causes imminent endangerment to human health or the environment or results in the exercise of emergency authority;

 

(B) Involves failure to report noncompliance accurately;

 

(C) Results in a CHRONIC VIOLATION defined here as 66% or more of all measurements taken during a six-month period that exceed (by any magnitude) the daily maximum limit or the monthly average limit for the same pollutant parameter;

 

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(D) Results in a TECHNICAL REVIEW CRITERIA (TRC) VIOLATION defined here as 33% or more of all measurements for each pollutant parameter taken during a six-month period that equal or exceed the product of the daily maximum limit or the average limit multiplied by the applicable TRC (TRC = 1.4 for BOD, TSS, fats, and oil & grease and 1.2 for all other pollutants except pH);

 

(E) Any violation of a pretreatment effluent limit that the control authority determines has caused, alone or in combination with other discharges, interference or pass through or has endangered the health of the POTW personnel or the public;

 

(F) Any discharge causing imminent endangerment to human health/welfare or to the environment or resulting in the POTW=s use of its emergency authority to halt or prevent such a discharge;

 

(G) Violations of compliance schedule milestones, failure to comply with schedule milestones for starting or completing construction or attaining final compliance by 90 days or more after the schedule date;

 

(H) Failure to provide required reports within 30 days of the due date;

 

(I) Any violation or group of violations which the control authority determines will adversely affect the operation or implementation of the local pretreatment program.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.115 CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.

 

(A) Information and data on a user obtained from reports, questionnaires, permit applications, permits and monitoring programs and from inspections shall be available to the public or other governmental agency without restriction unless the user specifically requests in writing and is able to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the City of Russellville that the release of such information would divulge information, processes, or methods of production entitled to protection as trade secrets of the user.

 

(B) When requested by the person furnishing a report, the portions of a report which might disclose trade secrets or secret processes shall not be made available for inspection by the public but shall be made available to all governmental agencies for uses related to this chapter, the NPDES/KPDES permit, sludge disposal system permit and/or the pretreatment programs upon request. Such portions of a report shall be available for use by the state or any state agency in judicial review or enforcement proceedings involving the person furnishing the report. Wastewater constituents and characteristics shall not be recognized as confidential information and shall be available to the public without restriction.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.116 SIGNATORY REQUIREMENTS.

 

All applications, reports or information submitted to the City of Russellville shall be signed and certified.

 

(A) All permit applications shall be signed:

 

 

 

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(1) For a corporation: by a principal executive officer of at least the level of vice‑president;

 

(2) For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner or the proprietor, respectively.

 

(B) All other correspondence, reports and self‑monitoring reports shall be signed by a person described above or by a duly authorized representative of that person. A person is a duly authorized representative only if:

 

(1) The authorization is made in writing by a person described above;

 

(2) The authorization specifies either an individual or a position having facility or activity, such as the position of plant manager, superintendent or position of equivalent responsibility.

 

(C) Certification. Any person signing a document under this section shall make the following certification:

 

AI certify under penalty of law that I am familiar with the information contained in this report and its attachments and that to the best of my knowledge and belief such information is true, complete and accurate.@

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

FEES

 

 

' 51.130 PURPOSE.

 

This subchapter provides for the recovery of costs from users of the POTW for the implementation of the program established herein. The applicable charges or fees are set forth herein at '' 51.050 through 51.053.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.131 CHARGES AND FEES.

 

In addition to the fees enumerated in '' 51.050 through 51.053, the City of Russellville may adopt charges and fees which may include:

 

(A) Fees for reimbursement of costs of setting up and operating the City of Russellville=s pretreatment program;

 

(B) Fees for monitoring, inspections, and surveillance procedures;

 

(C) Fees for reviewing accidental discharge procedures and construction;

 

(D) Fees for permit applications;

 

(E) Fees for filing appeals;

 

 

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(F) Fees for consistent removal by the POTW of excessive strength conventional pollutants;

 

(G) Other fees as the City of Russellville may deem necessary to carry out the requirements contained herein.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

POWERS AND AUTHORITY OF INSPECTORS

 

 

' 51.140 RIGHT TO ENTER PREMISES.

 

The Public Works Director and other duly promulgated employees and representatives of the City of Russellville and authorized representatives of applicable federal and state regulatory agencies bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing pertinent to discharges to the public sewer system in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.141 RIGHT TO OBTAIN INFORMATION REGARDING DISCHARGE.

 

The Public Works Director and other duly authorized employees of the City of Russellville and authorized representatives of applicable federal and state regulatory agencies bearing proper credentials and identification are authorized to obtain information including but not limited to copying of records concerning character, strength and quantity of industrial wastes which have a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the wastewater collection system.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.142 ACCESS TO EASEMENTS.

 

Duly authorized employees and representatives of the City of Russellville bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City of Russellville holds a duly negotiated easement for the purpose of, but not limited to, construction, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair, and maintenance of any portions of the wastewater facilities lying within the easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any on the easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.143 SAFETY.

 

While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in ' 51.142, all duly authorized employees of the City of Russellville shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company. The company shall be held blameless for injury or death to the City of Russellville employees. The City of Russellville shall secure the company against loss or damage to its property by the City of Russellville employees and against liability claims and

 

 

 

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demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required by this chapter.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

ENFORCEMENT

 

 

' 51.155 GENERAL.

 

(A) The City of Russellville, through the Public Works Director or his or her designee, to ensure compliance with this chapter, and as permitted through 40 CFR Subchapter N, and 401 KAR 5:055, may take the following enforcement steps against users in noncompliance with this chapter. The remedies available to the POTW include injunctive relief, civil and criminal penalties, immediate discontinuance of discharges and/or water service and the publishing of the list of significant violators annually. The enforcement authority shall be vested in the Public Works Director or his or her designee.

 

(B) The Public Works Director may suspend the wastewater treatment service and/or an industrial user permit when such suspension is necessary, in the opinion of the City of Russellville, in order to stop an actual or threatened discharge which presents or may present an imminent or substantial endangerment to the health or welfare of persons, to the environment, causes interference to the POTW or causes the City of Russellville to violate any condition of its NPDES/KPDES permit.

 

(C) Any user notified of a suspension of the wastewater treatment service and/or the industrial user permit shall immediately stop or eliminate the contribution. In the event of a failure of the person to comply voluntarily with the suspension order, the City of Russellville shall take such steps as deemed necessary including immediate severance of the sewer connection, to prevent or minimize damage to the POTW system or endangerment to any individuals. The City of Russellville shall reinstate the industrial user permit and/or the wastewater treatment service upon proof of the elimination of the non‑complying discharge. A detailed written statement submitted by the user describing the causes of the harmful contribution and the measures taken to prevent any future occurrence shall be submitted to the City of Russellville within 15 days of the date of occurrence.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.156 NOTICE OF VIOLATION.

 

(A) Any user found to be violating any provisions of this chapter, wastewater permit, or any order issued hereunder, shall be served by the City of Russellville with written notice stating the nature of the violation(s). Within ten days of the receipt date of this notice, an explanation of the violation and a plan for the satisfactory correction and prevention thereof, to include specific required actions, shall be submitted to the Public Works Director. Submission of this plan in no way relieves the user of potential liability for any violation occurring before or after receipt of the notice of violation.

 

(B) If the violations persist or the explanation and/or plan are not adequate, the City of Russellville=s response shall be more formal and commitments (or schedules as appropriate) for compliance will be established in an enforceable document. The enforcement response selected will

 

 

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be related to the seriousness of the violation. Enforcement responses will be escalated if compliance is not achieved expeditiously after the initial action. A significant noncompliance as defined in ' 51.094 will require a formal enforcement action.

 

(C) The full scale of enforcement actions will be as detailed in the enforcement response plan.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.157 ADMINISTRATIVE ORDERS.

 

(A) Any user who after receiving a notice of violation shall continue to discharge in violation of this chapter or other pretreatment standards or requirements or is determined to be a chronic or persistent violator or who is determined to be a significant violator, shall be ordered to appear before the City of Russellville. At this appearance, a compliance schedule will be given to the non‑conforming user and an administrative fine assessed. The fine shall be determined on a case‑by‑case basis which shall consider the type and severity of violations, duration of violation, number of violations, severity of impact on the POTW, impact on human health, users economic benefit from the violation, history of violations, good faith of the user, and shall be a non‑arbitrary but appropriate amount.

 

(B) The administrative order may take any of the following three forms:

 

(1) Consent orders. The Public Works Director or his or her designee is hereby empowered to enter into consent orders, assurances of voluntary compliance, or other similar documents establishing an agreement with the user responsible for the noncompliance. Such orders will include specific action to be taken by the user to correct the noncompliance within a time period also specified by the order. Consent orders shall have the same force and effect as orders issued pursuant to division (B)(3) below.

 

(2) Compliance order. When the Public Works Director or his or her designee finds that a user has violated or continues to violate this chapter or a permit or order issued hereunder, he or she may issue an order to the user responsible for the discharge directing that, following a specified time period, sewer service shall be discontinued unless adequate treatment facilities, devices, or other related appurtenances have been installed and are properly operated. Orders may also contain such other requirements as might be reasonably necessary and appropriate to address the noncompliance, including the installation of pretreatment technology, additional self‑monitoring and management practices.

 

(3) Cease and desist orders. When the Public Works Director finds that a user has violated or continues to violate this chapter or any permit or order issued hereunder, the Public Works Director may issue an order to cease and desist all such violations and direct those persons in noncompliance to:

 

(a) Comply forthwith; or

 

(b) Take such appropriate remedial or preventative action as may be needed to properly address a continuing or threatened violation, including halting operations and terminating the discharge.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

 

 

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' 51.158 SHOW CAUSE HEARING.

 

(A) The Public Works Director or his or her designee may issue to any user who causes or contributes to violations of this chapter, wastewater permit or order issued hereunder, an order to appear and show cause why the proposed enforcement action should not be taken. A notice shall be served on the user specifying the time and place of the hearing to be held by the Public Works Director regarding the violation, the reasons why the action is to be taken, the proposed enforcement action, and directing the user to show cause, before the Public Works Director, why the proposed enforcement action should not be taken. The notice of the hearing shall be served personally or by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) at least ten days before the hearing. Service may be made on any agent or officer of the industrial user. Whether or not a duly notified industrial user or its representative appears, immediate enforcement action may be pursued.

 

(B) The City of Russellville may, itself, conduct the hearing and take the evidence, or designate a representative to:

 

(1) Issue, in the name of the City of Russellville, notices of hearings requesting the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence relevant to any matter involved in such hearing;

 

(2) Take the evidence;

 

(3) Transmit a report of the evidence and hearing, including transcripts and other evidence, together with recommendations to the City of Russellville for action thereon.

 

(C) At any hearing held pursuant to this chapter, testimony taken must be under oath and recorded either stenographically or by means of audio or videotape. A transcript, so recorded, will be made available to any member of the public or any party to the hearing upon payment of the usual charges thereof.

 

(D) After the City of Russellville has reviewed the evidence, it may issue an order to the user responsible for the discharge directing that, following a specified time period, the sewer service be discontinued unless adequate treatment facilities, devices, or other related appurtenances are properly operated. Further orders and directives as are necessary and appropriate may be issued.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.159 ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT REMEDIES.

 

(A) Performance bonds. The Public Works Director may decline to reissue a permit to any industrial user which has failed to comply with the provisions of this chapter or any order or previous permit issued hereunder unless such user first files with it a satisfactory bond, payable to the POTW, in a sum not to exceed a value determined by the Public Works Director to be necessary to achieve consistent compliance.

 

(B) Liability insurance. The Public Works Director may decline to reissue a permit to any industrial user which has failed to comply with the provisions of this chapter or any order or previous permit issued hereunder, unless the industrial user first submits proof that it has obtained financial assurances sufficient to restore or repair POTW damage caused by its discharge.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

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WATER DISTRIBUTION REGULATIONS

 

 

' 51.170 GENERAL PROVISIONS.

 

(A) Water mains.

 

(1) Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to outline requirements for proper design, construction, inspection, and final acceptance of potable water mains and appurtenances, customer services connections, and public fire protection systems that will become property of the city. This subchapter does not cover water lines that are or will become the property of the city customer. This subchapter is not intended to conflict with and does not supersede or replace any federal, state, or local laws or ordinances.

 

(2) Design requirements.

 

(a) All actual costs of water or sewer installations or extensions, including all integral parts thereof, shall be the responsibility of the customer. Newly constructed mains and/or main extensions are the customer=s responsibility for a period of one year, after which ownership automatically reverts to the city.

 

(b) No more than one residence, mobile home, business, or building may connect to one water source or one sewer tap. Where multiple apartment buildings, under separate roofs are built on the same lot, each building must have its own water meter and sewer connection. Other usage from a water meter or from a sewer connection is strictly prohibited. Water and/or sewer services purchased from the City of Russellville may not be sub‑metered or resold.

 

(c) The ratepayer is responsible for the maintenance and repair to water and sewer lines on their property. The ratepayer=s responsibility begins from the customer side of the water meter and from the point at which the sewer tap is made into the main line. Customer responsibility includes the cost of water associated with a leak on their property, except in those exceptional cases where the city grants an Aabnormal water usage waiver.@

 

1. There is hereby created an Aabnormal water usage waiver@ available to any City of Russellville residential, commercial, and industrial water customer who:

 

A. Requests such a waiver from the city, in writing;

 

B. The customer must have used an amount of water equal to or greater than four times his or her average monthly usage for the past 12 monthly statements;

 

C. Has received a minimum of 12 billing statements at the location requesting the waiver;

 

D. The customer must present a written statement from a licensed plumber showing the cause of the abnormal water loss, date of repairs, type of repairs made, and whether or not abnormal usage entered the city=s sanitary sewer system;

 

E. Any request for waiver exceeding a $1,000 adjustment in combined water and sewer charges must be presented to Council for approval during a regular or special called meeting and may be adjusted by Council who will consider all evidence and findings;

 

 

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F. The city reserves the right to inspect any repairs reported for an abnormal usage waiver to verify plumber=s submittals; and

 

G. No customer will be granted a waiver more than one time in a five-year period.

 

2. When a waiver is granted the customer will reimburse the city for the city=s wholesale cost of the water over and above the average usage for the past 12 months and any additional sewer charges at a rate of 50% the normal rate for any of the leak or leakage determined to have entered the city=s sanitary sewer system over and above average usage for the previous 12 months unless covered by division (A)(2)(c)1.E. above.

 

3. Upon passage and publication of Ordinance No. 2005-18, this change will become effective immediately and may be granted to any bills currently due and owing.

 

(d) The use of any type of Abypass@ or Ajumper@ is strictly prohibited. Any violation shall be considered theft of water and violators may be prosecuted. Should an emergency situation arise, applicant or his or her representative must contact the city immediately.

 

(3) Project steps; procedures.

 

(a) The applicant/developer must complete and submit the City of Russellville application for new water and/or sewer service. The application must include preliminary drawings and information including water and sewer lines, fire hydrants, valves, roads, sidewalks, lots, easements, and any other features pertinent to the project.

 

(b) A meeting will be scheduled with the appropriate city personnel to review the project to determine any required changes and the additional project steps that must be completed. Changes may be required in order to meet the state standards, local standards, or city specifications.

 

(c) If required, the applicant is responsible for acquiring professional engineering services and obtaining all required permits and easements. Engineered drawings are to be submitted to the city along with the original application for review and tentative approval prior to submittal to the state.

 

(d) Subsequent to city tentative approval, the applicant is responsible for submitting the drawings and project description to the Kentucky Division of Water (both the Bowling Green and Frankfort offices).

 

(e) After state approval, the city must be notified and provided with copies of the approved drawings. The applicant must again meet with the appropriate city personnel to obtain final approval prior to start of construction. Subsequent changes to the original approved engineering drawings must be approved by the city.

 

(f) The city will periodically review the progress of work and perform routine inspections to ensure that the project is following the state standards, local standards, city specifications, and the approved drawings.

 

(g) After construction of water lines, the customer will conduct hydrostatic testing under City of Russellville supervision. Water lines shall be tested at a minimum of 150 psi, or one and one-half times the operating pressure (whichever is greater) and held for a minimum of three hours.

 

 

 

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(h) Once hydrostatic testing is completed, disinfection of all water lines must be completed under city supervision. Water lines must be disinfected at a minimum of 50 PPM chlorine and must carry a residual of 25 PPM chlorine after 24 hours. Written documentation is required to certify that all testing was properly completed before placing the lines into service.

 

(i) All sanitary sewer lines shall be low‑pressure tested for leakage. Air tests will be conducted after all building connections have been installed to property lines and backfilling has been completed and compacted. Written documentation is required to certify that all testing was properly completed before placing the lines into service.

 

(j) Applicant must strictly adhere to the sewer use provisions in this chapter. Special attention must be paid to ' 51.023, which specifically prohibits discharging any unpolluted water such as storm water, groundwater, roof runoff, or subsurface drainage to any sanitary sewer.

 

(k) After all services are constructed, inspected, and tested copies of the Aas built@ drawings are to be provided to the city.

 

(B) Sizing requirements and wet tap approval.

 

(1) Size of water mains.

 

(a) 1. All water mains shall be designed to carry peak flows and maintain a minimum line pressure greater than 30 psi at all points. Design peak flows shall be the greater of the following:

 

A. Flow determined by the engineer as the instantaneous demand placed upon the system by the development.

 

B. Flow required for fire protection by Insurance Services Office of Kentucky guidelines.

 

C. Computed peak flow if development is commercial or industrial.

 

2. No water main shall be smaller than six inches in diameter unless approved by the city. All water mains must connect back to another water line leaving no dead ends. (If this cannot be done a fire hydrant or other city-approved flushing device must be installed on the end of the water main).

 

(b) Size of service pipe. All service piping shall be one inch minimum diameter. Where greater flows are anticipated than those normally expected for residential services, the service piping shall be designed to maintain minimum 30 psi pressure at peak design flow.

 

(2) Wet tap approval. Only city-approved wet tap vendors may be utilized to tap water and/or sewer mains. The following vendors have been pre‑approved by the city:

 

(a) G & C Supply Company

Contact ‑ Jerry Williams

P.O. Drawer 459

Atwood, TN 38220

Phone: 800‑238‑3836

Fax: 731‑662‑7219

 

 

 

 

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(b) C.I. Thornburg Company

Contact ‑ Richie Porter

Bowling Green Branch

908 Searcy Way

Bowling Green, KY 42103

Phone: 888‑286‑0852

Fax: 270‑780‑9894

 

(c) Don Molden Multiple Services, Inc.

Contact ‑ Ken Cowan

P.O. Box 816

Somerset, KY 42502

Phone: 606‑679‑4411

Fax: 606‑679‑4415

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05; Am. Ord. 2005-18, passed 11-22-05)

 

 

' 51.171 PRODUCTS.

 

(A) Polyvinyl chloride pipe (pvc) and fittings.

 

(1) Provide PVC pipe meeting ASTM D‑2241 or AWWA C‑900.

 

(2) ASTM D‑2241 Pipe for two-inch in diameter:

 

(a) Manufactured from virgin, National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) approved Type 1, Grade 1 impact improved resin suitable for use in transporting potable water.

 

(b) Pipe and fittings pressure rated for 200 psi.

 

(c) Use only where the maximum pressure shall not exceed two-thirds of the pressure rating or 135 psi.

 

(d) Maximum standard dimension ratio (SDR) of 21.

 

(e) Joints sealed with a rubber ring and non‑toxic lubricant as provided by the manufacturer meeting or exceeding the requirements of ASTM D‑3139 and ASTM F‑477.

 

(f) Clearly mark with the manufacturer=s name, nominal diameter, SDR, ASTM D‑2241, pressure rating and NSF approval seal.

 

(3) AWWA C‑900 DR‑14 200 psi pipe for four-inch and greater in diameter:

 

(a) PVC 1120 pipe manufactured from virgin, National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) approved compounds meeting the requirements of ASTM D‑1784.

 

(b) Pressure rated based on dimension ratios (DR) and pressure classes (pressure classes are working pressure ratings):

 

 

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 55

 

 

 

Dimension Ratio

 

Pressure Class (psi)

 

25 (for force mains only)

 

100

 

14

 

200

 

(c) Outside diameter equivalent to the same outside diameter of ductile iron pipe.

 

(d) The minimum wall thickness of the bell, at any point, shall conform with the DR requirements of the pipe.

 

(e) Furnish in standard laying lengths of 20 feet.

 

(f) Clearly mark with the manufacturer=s name, nominal diameter, DR, PVC 1120, pressure class, AWWA C‑900, and NSF approval seal.

 

(B) Ductile iron pipe and fittings for four-inch and greater in diameter.

 

(1) Pipe.

 

(a) Manufactured in accordance with ANSI A‑21.50 (AWWA C‑151) and ANSI A‑21.10 (AWWA C‑110).

 

(b) A cement lining meeting with the requirements of ANSI 21.4 (AWWA C‑104).

 

(c) A minimum of one milliliter thick bituminous coating on the outside surface.

 

(d) Clearly mark with manufacturer=s name, D.I., or ductile, weight, class of nominal thickness, and casting period.

 

(e) Unless otherwise specified or shown on the plans, ductile iron pipe shall be Class 50 for 200 psi working pressure.

 

(2) Fittings.

 

(a) Pressure rated at a minimum of 250 psi.

 

(b) Joints meeting the requirements of ANSI A‑21.11 (AWWA C‑111).

 

1. Mechanical joints for underground pipe.

 

2. Flanged joints for above ground pipe.

 

(3) Restraints.

 

(a) All mechanical joint fitting accessories shall be Romac brand grip ring pipe restrainers or city-approved equal.

 

1. Grip ring restraint shall be made of hardened ductile iron. Grip ring is painted red for IPS, and black for D.I. and C‑900.

 

 

 

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56 Russellville - Public Works

 

 

2. Grip ring gland: Ductile iron per ASTM a 536, Grade 65‑45‑12. Gland is painted yellow.

 

3. Grip ring gasket: SBR per ASTM D 2000 MBA 710, compounded for water and sewer service.

 

4. Grip ring T‑bolts and nuts: 3-inch UNC T‑bolts, heavy hex nuts, high strength, low alloy steel per AWWA C111.

 

(b) All 22 1/2-inch 45- and 90-degree elbows shall have poured concrete thrust blocks along with Romac grip‑ring pipe restrainers.

 

(C) Service pipe. Copper tube size (CTS) polyethylene tubing SDR‑9.

 

(1) The NSF approved polyethylene extrusion compound from which the PE pipe is extruded shall comply with applicable requirements for PE‑3408 PE material as described in ASTM D3350 (latest revision). PE material shall have a minimum cell classification per ASTMD 3350 of 345444C, and a material test category per AWWAC 901, ASTM D2239, ASTM D3035, or ASTM D2737 of C3.

 

(2) Tubing rated for 200 psi.

 

(3) One-inch nominal diameter unless specified or shown on the plans.

 

(4) Service pipe shall be used to connect the corporation stop with the meter yoke. Use the minimum length required to make a straight line connection.

 

(D) Water service assemblies.

 

(1) Water meters.

 

(a) AWWA C‑700.

 

(b) Five-eighths inch by three-fourths inch unless otherwise specified and shown on plans.

 

(c) Frost proof with a cast bronze casing and a hinged cover.

 

(d) Direct reading register, in gallons, unless otherwise specified.

 

(e) Disc or piston operated with magnetic drive.

 

(f) A suitable non‑corrosive strainer located over the inlet to the measuring chamber.

 

(g) The name of the manufacturer cast in the lid of the register box measuring chamber.

 

(2) Water main connections.

 

(a) Tap water mains in the upper half of the pipe at a 45-degree angle or provide brass tapped couplings with AWWA threads.

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 57

 

 

(b) Do not exceed the pipe manufacturer=s recommended maximum tap size.

 

(c) Use bronze service saddles on all taps for PVC pipe.

 

(3) Corporation stops.

 

(a) Manufactured and tested to ANSI/AWWA C800 standard.

 

(b) Components are constructed of 85‑5‑5‑5 ASTM B62 brass.

 

(c) Water tight and individually tested for leaks.

 

(d) Coat or cap all threads for protection prior to installation.

 

(e) All corporation stops shall be Mueller brand 300 ball type corporation valves with Mueller CC or AWWA taper inlet threads or city-approved equal.

 

(f) All corporation stops shall be no less than one inch in size.

 

(4) Meter yokes.

 

(a) Copper tubing with an integral brace, lockwing ball angle meter valve and double check valve.

 

(b) Minimum rise of seven inches.

 

(c) Provide with inlets designed for the use of polyethylene tubing pipe and outlets designed for IPS pipe.

 

(5) Service saddles. Bronze with neoprene gasket and double straps.

 

(6) Meter boxes.

 

(a) Rectangular pre‑cast concrete, cast iron or plastic. If plastic boxes are used they must be of the traffic model type and approved by the city.

 

(b) Pre‑cast concrete, plastic and cast iron meter boxes shall have a cast iron lid.

 

(c) Depth of the meter box not less than 18 inches and no more than 24 inches and must be of sufficient size to facilitate easy installation and removal of the water meter.

 

(d) Where service assemblies include a pressure reducing valve, sufficiently sized for installation of the pressure reducing valve in the meter box.

 

(e) A cut off valve must be installed on the customers side on the outside of the meter box for customer use. This valve will be the responsibility of the customer.

 

(E) Valves and valve boxes.

 

(1) Two-inch valves. Size two-inch valves shall be Mueller Company brand 300 ball curb valves with two-inch operating nut adapter; resilient wedge or city-approved equal.

 

 

 

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(2) Gate valves.

 

(a) All gate valves shall be Mueller Company brand or city-approved equal. Sizes four-inch to 12-inch shall be resilient wedge and meet or exceed the requirements of AWWA C509.

 

(b) Sizes 14-inch and larger shall be iron body, bronze mounted, double disc, parallel seat. Non‑rising stem type and meet or exceed the requirements of AWWA C500.

 

(c) Stuffing boxes: O‑ring seal type with two rings in the stem located above the thrust collar.

 

(d) Two-inch square wrench nut for operation of the valve.

 

(e) Minimum design working water pressure of 200 psi for valves with diameters two-inch to 12-inch and 150 psi for valves with diameters of 14-inch to 54-inch, unless otherwise specified or shown on the plans.

 

(f) Joints: ANSI A‑21.11 (AWWA C‑111).

 

(g) Bonnet or body markings: manufacturer=s name, year of casting, size, pressure rating, and OPEN with direction.

 

(h) Open by counterclockwise operation, unless otherwise specified by the city.

 

(3) Butterfly valves.

 

(a) AWWA C‑504.

 

(b) Cast iron body, rubber seated tight‑closing type.

 

(c) Cast iron markings: valve size, manufacturer=s name, class, direction of opening, and the year of casting.

 

(d) Class 150, suitable for working water pressure of 150 psi unless otherwise specified or shown on plans.

 

(e) Open by counterclockwise operation, unless otherwise specified.

 

(4) Main line pressure reducing valves.

 

(a) Cast iron globe body, full bronze mounted, external pilot operated single, resilient seated type.

 

(b) Packed with leather (or other soft material) to ensure tight closure and to prevent metal to metal friction and seating.

 

(c) Open when the downstream pressure is less than the valve setting and close tightly when the downstream pressure exceeds the valve setting.

 

(d) Valve opening: proportional to the delivery requirements and not influenced by changes in inlet pressure.

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 59

 

 

(e) Pilot valve: arranged to allow for its removal from the main valve while under pressure and easily accessible without removal of springs, weights, or the use of special tools.

 

(f) Suitable to operation at 200 psi working water pressure and adjustable.

 

(5) Valve boxes.

 

(a) Cast iron, two- or three-piece, screw type with shaft diameter of not less than five inches.

 

(b) Heavy roadway type equipped with a cover containing the word AWATER@ in raised letters on the top.

 

(c) Base of such a size as to permit its installation without allowing it to come in contact with either the valve or the pipe.

 

(F) Fire hydrants and blow-off hydrants.

 

(1) Fire hydrants shall be Super Centurion 250 three‑way by Mueller Company or city-approved equal.

 

(2) Fire hydrants must be installed on a six-inch main that is fed from a six-inch or larger main that can produce a flow greater than 500 gpm, and maintain a residual pressure of at least 20 psi.

 

(3) Fire hydrants.

 

(a) AWWA C‑502.

 

(b) Cast iron bodies, fully bronze mounted, designed for operation at a working water pressure of 150 psi.

 

(c) Furnish with two two and one-half-inch threaded brass hose nozzles and one threaded brass pumper nozzle.

 

(d) Compression type main valve five and one-fourth-inch in diameter faced with a suitable yielding material such as rubber, leather, or balata.

 

(e) So designed that, when it is installed, no excavation is required to remove the main valve or the moveable parts of the drain valve.

 

(f) Inside diameter of barrel: at least 120% of the hydrant valve size.

 

(g) Inlet connection: minimum of six-inch mechanical joint on all lines.

 

(h) Equipped with safety flange located not more than two inches above ground and a two-piece shaft breakaway assembly.

 

(i) Open on counterclockwise operation.

 

(j) Shop paint and mark in accordance with AWWA C‑502.

 

 

 

2009 S-13

 

60 Russellville - Public Works

 

 

(k) Cast markings: manufacturer's name, size of the main valve, year of manufacture, and direction opening.

 

(l) Field touch‑up, if the surface has been marred, with paint supplied by the manufacturer of the same color and type as that used during shop painting.

 

(4) Blow‑off hydrants.

 

(a) Post type having cast iron bodies, fully bronze mounted and designed for operation at a working water pressure of 150 psi.

 

(b) Furnish with one two and one-half-inch threaded brass hose nozzle.

 

(c) Compression type main valve two and one-eighth-inch minimum diameter faced with a suitable yielding material such as rubber, leather, or balata.

 

(d) So designed that, when it is installed, no excavation is required to remove the main valve or the movable parts of the drain valve.

 

(e) Inside diameter of barrel: at least three inches.

 

(f) Inlet connection: two-inch mechanical joint.

 

(g) Equipped with a safety flange located not more than two inches above the ground.

 

(h) Open on counterclockwise operation.

 

(i) Cast markings: manufacturer's name, size of the main valve, year of manufacture, and direction of opening.

 

(j) Field touch‑up, if the surface has been marred, with paint supplied by the manufacturer of the same color and type as that used during shop painting.

 

(5) Fire protection and sprinklers.

 

(a) All fire protection and/or sprinklers will be isolated from the city water distribution system with a city-approved reduce pressure principle back flow assembly with three or five valves.

 

(b) The reduce pressure principle back flow assembly will be installed at what will be the end of the city=s water main and the start of the customer=s fire protection line (at the property line). The domestic service line will be tapped on the city side and as close to the back flow assembly as possible. (The domestic service line must be tapped close to the back flow assembly but the domestic meter can be installed up to 20 feet away from the tap if needed).

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.172 EXECUTION.

 

(A) Preparation.

 

(1) Prior to laying pipe, prepare suitable bedding according to Section 02221.

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 61

 

 

(2) Before placing pipe in the trench, field inspect for cracks or other defects; remove defective pipe from the construction site.

 

(3) Swab the interior of the pipe to remove all undesirable material.

 

(4) Prepare the bell end and remove undesirable material from the gasket and gasket recess.

 

(B) Installing water lines. Install tracer wire with all water pipe before backfilling.

 

(C) Installing appurtenances.

 

(1) Securely plug open ends of pipe at the close of each work day and during temporary discontinuance of pipe laying.

 

(2) Set all valves, fittings, hydrants, and other specials in a neat workmanlike manner.

 

(3) Use grip rings on all mechanical joint fittings. Use thrust blocks, pipe anchors, or other approved means to prevent displacement of other fittings as shown on the plans.

 

(4) Erect hydrants to stand plumb with the pumper nozzle facing the road.

 

(5) Effect drainage of hydrants by using six cubic feet of gravel.

 

(6) Close dead ends with cast iron plus or caps and equip with blow‑off assemblies.

 

(D) Separation of piped utilities.

 

(1) Parallel installation.

 

(a) All water lines must have ten feet of separation from any non‑potable source.

 

(b) Water mains must have at least ten feet of separation horizontally, measured edge to edge, from any sewer line, manhole, or other sewer facility.

 

(2) Crossings.

 

(a) Water mains must have at least 18 inches between the bottom of the water main and the top of the sewer line.

 

(b) All water mains crossing sewer lines shall be pipe encased at least 20 feet in overall length, having ten feet in both directions from the point of crossing.

 

(3) Do not install water mains or sewer facilities which pass through or contact each other.

 

(E) Trenching, backfilling, and compaction.

 

(1) Overview.

 

(a) Excavation for piped utility material.

 

(b) Provide necessary sheeting, shoring and bracing.

 

 

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(c) Prepare trench bottom with appropriate materials.

 

(d) Dewater excavation as required.

 

(e) Place and compact granular beds, as required, and backfill.

 

(2) Precautions.

 

(a) Notify utility companies as soon as possible when necessary to disturb existing facilities and abide by their requirements for repairing and replacing.

 

(b) Protect all vegetation and other features to remain.

 

(c) Protect all benchmarks and survey points.

 

(3) Bedding and backfill materials.

 

(a) Class I material: angular, one-fourth- to one-inch graded stone including a number of fill materials that have regional significance such as crushed stone, cinders, slag, and crushed shells.

 

(b) Class II material: coarse sands and gravels with a maximum particle dimension of one and one-half-inch including variously graded sands and gravels containing small percentages of fines, generally granular and non‑cohesive, either wet or dry.

 

(c) Class III material: fine sand and clayey gravels, including fine sands, sand‑clay mixtures. and gravel‑clay mixtures.

 

(d) Class IV material: silt, silty clays, and clays, including inorganic clays and silts of medium to high plasticity and liquid limits.

 

(e) Class V material: organic soils, as well as, soil containing frozen earth, debris, rocks larger than one and one-half inches and other foreign material. Whenever encountered in the trench, Class V material shall be removed and disposed of as excess excavation. Class V material shall not be used for pipe bedding or backfill.

 

(f) Class A material: continuous concrete cradle constructed in conformity with details shown on drawings, consisting of Class B concrete as specified in Section 03300.

 

(g) Class B material: sand or a natural sandy soil, all passing a three-eighths-inch sieve with not more than 10% passing a No. 200 sieve; or stone, gravel, chert or slag of Gradation C or D of AASHTO specifications.

 

(h) Class C material: natural ground or compacted embankment at a depth of at least 10% of the outside vertical pipe diameter.

 

(i) In rock cuts or other areas where free drainage bedding or backfill materials are required, use crushed stone, slag or washed gravel of size 6, 7, 8, 57 or 78 of AASHTO specifications.

 

(j) For crushed stone pavement and shoulder replacement, use crushed stone meeting Type A Grading D of AASHTO specifications.

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 63

 

 

(4) Tracer wire. All tracer wire shall be ten gauge solid copper wire with plastic coating. Tracer wire shall be attached on top of the pipe and ran the entire length of the pipe. Wire is to be stubbed out of all valve boxes and/or services for locating accessibility.

 

(5) Preparation.

 

(a) Install barriers and other devices to protect areas adjacent to construction.

 

(b) Protect and maintain all benchmarks and other survey points.

 

(6) Excavation trenches.

 

(a) Perform in such a manner as to form a suitable trench in which to place the pipe and so as to cause the least inconvenience to the public.

 

(b) Maximum width at the crown of the pipe ‑ two feet plus the nominal diameter of the pipe.

 

(c) Cut pavement along neat, straight lines with either a pavement breaker or pavement saw.

 

(d) Trench depth: for water lines, sufficient to provide minimum cover of 30 inches over the top of the pipe for ten-inch diameter pipe and smaller and 36 inches over the top of the pipe for 12-inch diameter pipe and larger.

 

(e) Align trench as shown on the plans.

 

(f) For water pipe, shape the bottom of the trench to provide uniform bearing of the pipe on undisturbed earth throughout its entire length or undercut to allow for placement of granular bedding as described in this section. Dig bell holes to aid in securing uniform support of the pipe.

 

(g) When unstable soil is encountered at the trench bottom, remove it to a depth required to assure support of the pipeline and backfill to the proper grade with coarse aggregate AASHTO M‑43, Size No. 2 or 3.

 

(h) Remove rock encountered in trench excavation to a depth of six inches below the bottom of the pipe barrel, backfill with an approved material and compact to uniformly support the pipe. In no case shall solid rock exist within six inches of the finished pipeline.

 

(i) When rock borings or soundings are provided, they are for information only and do not guarantee existing conditions. Make such investigations as deemed necessary to determine existing conditions.

 

(j) No more than 50 feet of trench will be excavated ahead of backfilling operations unless otherwise permitted by the Engineer.

 

(7) Sheeting shoring, and bracing.

 

(a) When necessary or when directed by the Engineer, furnish, put in place, and maintain such sheeting, bracing, and the like, as may be required to support the sides of the excavation and to prevent movement.

 

(b) Take care to prevent voids outside the sheeting.

 

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(c) If voids are formed, immediately fill and ram to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

 

(d) Devise plans for performing this work subject to the approval of the Engineer.

 

(e) Unless adjacent facilities will be injured, remove all sheeting, shoring and bracing after backfill has been placed to a depth of 18 inches over the pipeline.

 

(f) Cut shoring off at the top of the pipe and leave the lower section in the trench.

 

(8) Use of explosives.

 

(a) Conduct all blasting operations in accordance with prevailing municipal, state or other agency regulations, codes, ordinances, or laws.

 

(b) Exercise due caution when blasting adjacent to existing structures and pipelines.

 

(c) If structures or pipelines are damaged, promptly replace or repair them at no expense to the owner.

 

(d) Do not conduct blasting operations within 25 feet of water, sewer, gas or other utility lines unless otherwise directed by the Engineer.

 

(e) Cover all shots with blasting mats to prevent flying material.

 

(9) Disposal of excavated material. Satisfactorily dispose of all excess excavated material that cannot be used for or is not suitable for embankments.

 

(10) Unauthorized excavation.

 

(a) All excavation outside or below the proposed lines and grades shown on the plans or directed by the Engineer.

 

(b) Backfill areas of unauthorized excavation with the type material necessary (earth, rock or concrete) to ensure the stability of the structure of construction involved.

 

(c) Unauthorized excavation or backfill to replace same shall not be a pay item.

 

(11) Removal of water.

 

(a) Keep excavated areas free of water while work is in progress.

 

(b) Well‑pointing shall be performed if required.

 

(c) Take particular precautions to prevent the displacement of structures or pipelines as a result of accumulated water.

 

(12) Obstructions.

 

(a) Obstructions shown on the plans are for information only and do not guarantee their exact locations nor that other obstructions are not present.

 

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 65

 

 

(b) When utilities or obstructions are not shown on the plans but are present off the roadway at the location of the proposed pipeline route, the contractor may request to relocate the pipeline in the roadway if necessary to avoid disturbing the utility or obstructions.

 

(c) If the relocation is approved, the contractor may receive compensation for additional granular backfill and pavement replacement.

 

(d) Exercise due care in excavating adjacent to existing obstructions and do not disturb same unless absolutely necessary.

 

(e) In the event obstructions are disturbed, repair or replace as quickly as possible to the condition existing prior to their disturbance. This repair or replacement will not be a pay item.

 

(f) If desired by the utility company, pay for the repair or replacement work performed by the forces of the utility company or other appropriate party.

 

(g) If replacement or repair of disturbed obstructions is not performed after a reasonable period of time, the owner may have the necessary work done and deduct the cost of same from payments to the contractor.

 

(13) Bedding for waterlines.

 

(a) For ductile iron pipe, bed in a trench cut in natural ground. If rock is encountered, provide six inches of Class I, II, III, or IV bedding material.

 

(b) For PVC pipe completely encapsulate water pipe with six inches granular Class I material on the top, both sides and bottom of the pipe.

 

(c) Dig bell holes to assure uniform support throughout the entire length of pipe.

 

(d) Excavate the trench in such a manner as to form a suitable bed in which to place the pipe.

 

(14) Initial backfilling.

 

(a) Do not begin backfilling before the city has inspected the grade and alignment of the pipe, the bedding of the pipe, and the joints between the pipe. If backfill material is placed over the pipe before an inspection is made, reopen the trench in order for an inspection to be made.

 

(b) Perform backfilling by hand, together with tamping, until fill has progressed to 18 inches above the top of the pipe.

 

1. Deposit Class I granular material (where required) or loose soil free from lumps, clods, frozen material or stones in layers approximately six inches thick.

 

2. Compact by hand, or with manually operated machine tampers actuated by compressed air or other suitable means.

 

3. Use tamps and machines of a suitable type which do not crush or otherwise damage the pipe.

 

 

 

 

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(15) Placing detection tape.

 

(a) All buried water and sewer pipes shall be identified by buried detection tape.

 

(b) Place tape directly over the pipe between one foot and three feet below finished grade and at least one foot above the top of the pipe.

 

(c) Use a different color for each pipe carrying a different substance.

 

(16) Final backfilling.

 

(a) After the backfill has reached a point 18 inches or more above the top of the pipe, perform final backfilling depending on the location of the work and danger from subsequent settlement.

 

(b) Backfilling in unimproved areas.

 

1. Dispose of and replace all soft or yielding material which is unsuitable for trench backfill with suitable material.

 

2. Deposit backfill to the surface of the ground by dragline, bulldozer, or other suitable equipment in such a manner so as not to disturb the pipe.

 

3. Neatly round sufficient surplus excavated material over the trench to compensate for after settlement.

 

4. Dispose of all surplus excavated material over the trench to compensate for after settlement.

 

5. Prior to final acceptance, remove all mounds to the elevation of the surrounding terrain.

 

6. Seed and mulch as specified in Section 02485.

 

(c) Backfilling in improved areas (beneath driveways and streets where non‑rigid and rigid type surfacing is to be replaced).

 

1. Use Class I granular material of either crushed limestone or crushed gravel of high weight and density.

 

2. Carefully deposit in uniform layers, not to exceed six inches thick to surface grade.

 

3. Compact each layer thoroughly by rolling, ramming and tamping with tools suitable for that purpose in such a manner so as not to disturb the pipe.

 

(d) Backfill trench to allow normal passage of traffic over trench until pavement repair is complete. Any stone lost after initial backfill shall be replaced as required as a separate pay item.

 

(e) Backfilling of shoulders along streets and highways.

 

 

 

 

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1. Backfilling methods and materials for shoulders along streets and highways shall be in accordance with the requirements of governing local, county, or state departments maintaining the particular roadway or highway.

 

2. Replace with similar materials, all shoulders which may be damaged or destroyed as a result of pipe trenching.

 

3. Backfilling of shoulders shall not be directly measured for payment.

 

4. Where shoulders along state highways have sealed coat surfaces, replace with double bituminous seal in accordance with Section 02513.

 

5. Where the State Highway Department or local authority requires trenches to be backfilled entirely with granular material in the shoulder of roads, granular material so placed shall not be a pay item, but included in the prices per linear foot of pipe.

 

(f) Crushed stone for pavement maintenance and shoulder replacement.

 

1. Where possible, salvage and reuse all base material that is removed during construction.

 

2. Wet and thoroughly compact crushed stone and blade to tie into the existing surface prior to final acceptance.

 

3. Base material placed as a portion of pavement replacing items, will not be directly measured for payment.

 

(17) Concrete and pavement.

 

(a) All concrete and pavement (sidewalks and streets) must be repaired back to satisfy all city. state and local specs. All concrete and pavement specs must be obtained by the owner/developer from the proper state or local government.

 

(b) The owner/developer must obtain all required permits to cut or bore sidewalks or streets.

 

(c) The owner/developer will be responsible for final approval of all concrete and pavement (sidewalks and streets).

 

(F) Water line pressure test.

 

(1) After the pipe has been laid, subject all newly laid pipe or any valved section thereof to a hydrostatic pressure of at least one and one-half times the working pressure at the point of testing or 150 psi, whichever is greater.

 

(2) Test pressure shall:

 

(a) Not be less than one and one-half times the working pressure at the highest point along the test section.

 

(b) Not exceed the pipe or thrust restraining design pressure.

 

 

 

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(c) Be of at least two‑hour duration.

 

(d) Not vary by more than +5 psi.

 

(e) Not exceed twice the rated pressure of closed valves or hydrants included in the test section.

 

(f) Not exceed the rated pressure of resilient‑seated valve.

 

(g) Be at least 150 psi.

 

(3) Pressurization.

 

(a) Open valve or valves at the end of the water line being tested (if water line being tested has branch lines each branch will be tested individually).

 

(b) Slowly fill each section of pipe with water.

 

(c) Remove air.

 

(d) Apply the specified test pressure, based on the elevation of the lowest point of the line or section under test by means of a pump connected to the pipe in a manner satisfactory to the city.

 

(4) Air removal.

 

(a) Before applying the specified test pressure, expel air completely from the pipe, valves, and hydrants.

 

(b) If permanent air vents are not located at all high points, install corporation cocks at such points to expel air as the line is filled with water.

 

(c) After all the air has been expelled, close the corporation cocks and apply the test pressure.

 

(d) At the conclusion of the pressure test, remove the corporation cocks and plug or leave in place at the discretion of city.

 

(5) Examination.

 

(a) The city will examine all pipe, fittings, valves, hydrants, and joints prior to backfill.

 

(b) It is the responsibility of the contractor/installer to repair or replace any damaged or defective pipe, fittings, valves, or hydrants that are discovered and repeat the test until it is satisfactory to city inspection.

 

(G) Cleaning and disinfection of water lines.

 

(1) Flush waterlines clean prior to disinfection.

 

 

 

 

 

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(2) Thoroughly disinfect water lines prior to placing in service.

 

(a) Use chlorine disinfecting agent applied to produce a minimum of 50 ppm dosage throughout the entire line.

 

(b) Allow water to escape from the ends of all lines to cause dispersion of the chlorine solution into all parts of the system.

 

(c) Operate all valves and hydrants during the time disinfection is occurring.

 

(d) Retain chlorine solution in the lines for a period of 24 hours.

 

(e) At the end of the 24-hour period, the residual chlorine must be a minimum of 25 ppm. Otherwise, repeat the disinfection procedure again.

 

(f) Flush all high residual water out of line until residual is below 5 ppm.

 

(g) Dechlorinate all water flushed with a residual grater than 5 ppm.

 

(h) Upon refilling the lines, collect a sample for bacteriological analysis. If the sample is acceptable, the lines may be connected to the system. Otherwise, repeat the disinfection procedure until acceptable samples are obtained.

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

SANITARY SEWERAGE SYSTEMS

 

 

' 51.185 GENERAL PROVISIONS.

 

(A) Sanitary sewers.

 

(1) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to outline the requirements for proper design, construction, inspection, and final acceptance of manholes, sanitary sewer lines and house connections.

 

(2) Design requirements.

 

(a) A complete set of computations should be made available to the utility in a tabular form, which indicates depth of flow and velocities at minimum, average, and maximum daily waste flows for the different sizes of sewers proposed.

 

1. Depth. In general, sewers shall be sufficiently deep so as to receive sewage from the first floor of all places served by the sewers and to prevent freezing, but shall not be less than three feet deep.

 

2. A. Slope. All sewers shall be so designed and constructed to give mean velocities, when flowing full, of not less than two feet per second. The following are the minimum slopes which should be provided; however, slopes greater than these are desirable:

 

 

 

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Minimum slope in width

 

Sewer size

 

Per 100 feet

 

8-inch

 

0.40

 

10-inch

 

0.28

 

12-inch

 

0.22

 

14-inch

 

0.17

 

16-inch

 

0.14

 

18-inch

 

0.12

 

21-inch

 

0.10

 

24-inch

 

0.08

 

27-inch

 

0.067

 

30-inch

 

0.058

 

36-inch

 

0.046

 

B. Sewers shall be laid with uniform slope between manholes. Sewers on 20% slope or greater or when specified by the utility shall be anchored with concrete anchors spaced no further than 36 inches center to center.

 

3. Sizing. New sewer systems shall be designed on the basis of an average daily per capita flow of sewage of not less than 100 gallons per day. This figure is assumed to cover normal infiltration, but an additional allowance should be made where conditions are unfavorable. Generally, the main, trunk and outfall sewers shall be designed to carry, when running full, not less than 250 gallons daily per capita contributions of sewage, exclusive of sewage or other waste flow from industrial plants.

 

(B) Sewage force mains.

 

(1) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to give the specifications for the primary materials utilized in the construction of sanitary sewer force mains.

 

(2) Design requirements. Sanitary sewer force mains shall be designed so that the minimum velocity of 2.0 fps is developed when the sewage pumps are operating at the design TDH. Minimum depth of 30 inches cover must be provided, and metallic detection tape shall be laid with non‑metallic pipe.

 

(C) Work included. Installation of sanitary sewerage system.

 

(D) Related work.

 

(1) Section 02221: Trenching, Backfilling and Compaction.

 

(2) Section 02605: Separation of Piped Utilities.

 

(3) Section 03300: Cast‑in‑Place Concrete.

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

 

 

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' 51.186 PRODUCTS.

 

(A) Concrete pipe and fittings.

 

(1) Reinforced concrete sewer pipe (RCP): conform to the permeability and hydrostatic requirements of ASTM C‑497 with flexible gasket joints conforming to ASTM C‑443.

 

(2) Non‑reinforced concrete sewer pipe: ASTM C‑14, except that the minimum content of cement shall be 940 pounds (ten bags) per cubic yard with flexible gasket joints conforming to ASTM C‑443.

 

(B) Vitrified clay pipe and fittings.

 

(1) ASTM C‑700, extra strength pipe with joints conforming to ASTM C‑425.

 

(2) All VCP shall be clearly marked with the manufacturer=s name, plant location, diameter and AExtra Strength.@

 

(C) Polyvinyl chloride pipe and fittings for gravity sewers.

 

(1) Manufactured from virgin, National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) approved resin conforming to ASTM D‑1784.

 

(2) Unless otherwise specified, all PVC pipe and fittings shall conform to ASTM D‑3034 and have a standard dimension ratio (SDR) of 35.

 

(3) The gaskets used for joining PVC sewer pipe shall conform to ASTM F‑477. Field solvent welds are unacceptable.

 

(4) All PVC gravity sewer pipe shall be clearly marked with the manufacturer=s name, nominal diameter, SDR, ASTM D‑3034, and NSF approval seal.

 

(D) Polyvinyl chloride pipe for sewer force mains.

 

(1) Manufactured from virgin, National Sanitation Foundation approved ASTM Type 1, Grade 1 impact improved resin suitable for use in transporting water.

 

(2) Pipe and fittings pressure rated for 200 psi.

 

(3) Use only where the maximum pressure shall not exceed two-thirds of the pressure rating or 135 psi.

 

(4) Maximum standard dimension ratio (SDR) of 21.

 

(5) Joints sealed with a rubber ring and non‑toxic lubricant as provided by the manufacturer meeting or exceeding the requirements of ASTM D‑3139 and ASTM F‑477.

 

(6) Clearly marked with the manufacturer=s name, nominal diameter, SDR, pressure rating and NSF approval seal.

 

(E) Ductile iron pipe and fittings.

 

 

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(1) Pipe.

 

(a) Manufactured in accordance with ANSI A‑21.50 (AWWA C‑151) and ANSI A‑21.10 (AWWA C‑110).

 

(b) A cement lining meeting the requirements of ANSI 21.4 (AWWA C‑104).

 

(c) A minimum of one milliliter thick bituminous coating on the outside surface.

 

(d) Clearly mark with manufacturer=s name, D.I. or ductile, weight, class or nominal thickness, and casting period.

 

(e) Unless otherwise specified or shown on the plans, ductile iron pipe shall be Class 50 for 200 psi working pressure.

 

(2) Fittings.

 

(a) Fittings four-inch to 24-inch: pressure rated at 250 psi.

 

(b) Fittings 30-inch to 36-inch: pressure rated at 150 psi.

 

(c) Joints meeting the requirements of ANSI A‑21.11 (AWWA C‑111).

 

(F) Concrete materials. Class A in accordance with Section 03300.

 

(G) Castings for frame and covers.

 

(1) Gray iron, Class 35B unless otherwise specified, meeting ASTM A48‑83.

 

(2) Cleaned and coated with bituminous paint that will produce an acceptable finish that is not affected by exposure to hot or cold weather.

 

(3) Rings and covers for use on watertight manholes shall be machined to smooth uniform bearing that will provide a watertight seal.

 

(H) Precast manholes.

 

(1) AASHTO M‑199 SR or ASTM C‑478.

 

(2) Openings shall be provided for the required number and size pipes and shall be marked to ensure installation at proper locations.

 

(3) Use premolded rubber or approved bitumastic gaskets at all joints between sections in sanitary sewer manholes.

 

(I) Manhole steps.

 

(1) ASTM C‑478.

 

(2) Cast iron steps: ASTM A‑48, Class 30.

 

(3) Aluminum steps: fabricated from aluminum alloy 6061, T6.

 

 

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(4) Manhole steps shall be corrosion resistant, free from sharp edges, burrs, or other projections which may be a safety hazard and shall be of sufficient strength to withstand a live load of 300 pounds imposed at any point.

 

(5) The minimum width of cleat shall be ten inches.

 

(6) The legs and struts shall be of sufficient length for the cleat to project a minimum clear distance of four inches from the wall when the step is securely imbedded in the manhole wall.

 

(7) The top surface of the cleats shall be designed to prevent foot slippage.

 

(J) Pipe entrance couplings for manholes.

 

(1) Other specially designed flexible products such as rubber boots with stainless steel bands or AZ‑LOC@ may be approved and where materials meet the requirements of ASTM C‑425.

 

(2) Where a new sewer is to connect to an existing precast manhole a hole at the proper line and grade shall be neatly cut into the manhole and a two-foot section of properly sized pipe shall be grouted into the opening using waterproof grout so as to form a neat, waterproof seal. This Astub@ pipe shall then be connected to the sewer using an approved flexible coupling.

 

(3) Where a new sewer is to connect to an existing brick manhole, exercise due caution in penetrating the manhole wall so as to maintain the structural integrity of the manhole. Provide internal support as required to aid construction. A two-foot section of properly sized RCP pipe shall be grouted in this hole using waterproof grout so as to form a neat, waterproof seal. This Astub@ pipe shall then be connected to the sewer using an approved flexible coupling.

 

(K) Automatic wastewater air release valves.

 

(1) Automatic wastewater air release valves shall be designed to operate under pressure to allow entrapped air to escape from a sewage force main, pump, or system. After the air escapes out of the air release valve, the valve shall shut off until more air accumulates in it and the opening cycle will repeat automatically.

 

(2) Body and cover of cast iron, ASTM A‑48, Class 30.

 

(3) Compound internal linkage of precision molded delrin conforming to ASTM A240. The float rod shall be 11 inches long to provide an air gap between the linkage and waste level inside the valve to retard the waste solids from clogging the linkage. The stainless steel float must withstand a minimum 1,000 psi pressure. The needle closing the air release orifice shall be Buna‑N or equal meeting ASTM SB800.

 

(4) Valve shall be complete with hose, two quick disconnect couplings, blowoff, and shutoff valves to permit quick back flushing without dismantling valve.

 

(5) Valve shall be short body type and the height, including the back‑flushing attachments, shall be not more than 28 inches.

 

(L) Valves and valve boxes.

 

(1) Valves shall be manufactured by Mueller Company or Dresser Manufacturing (M&H Line), or equal.

 

 

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(2) Gate valves.

 

(a) Sizes four-inch to 12-inch shall be resilient seated and meet or exceed the requirements of AWWA C509.

 

(b) Sizes 14-inch and larger shall be iron body, bronze mounted, double disc, parallel seat, non‑rising stem type and meet or exceed the requirements of AWWA C500.

 

(c) Stuffing boxes: O‑ring seal type with two rings in the stem located above the thrust collar.

 

(d) Handwheel for operation of the valve.

 

(e) Minimum design working water pressure of 200 psi for valves with diameters two feet to 12 feet and 150 psi for valves with diameters of 14 inches to 54 inches, unless otherwise specified or shown on the plans.

 

(f) Joints: ANSI A‑21.11 (AWWA C‑111).

 

(g) Bonnet or body markings: manufacturer=s name, year of casting, size, pressure rating; and OPEN with direction.

 

(h) Open by counterclockwise operation, unless otherwise specified.

 

(3) Check valves.

 

(a) Cast iron body, bronze mounted with outside lever and spring.

 

(b) Non‑shock cold water pressure rated to 175 psi.

 

(4) Valve boxes.

 

(a) Cast iron, two- or three-piece, screw type with shaft diameter of not less than five inches.

 

(b) Heavy roadway type equipped with a cover containing the word ASEWER@ in raised letters on the top.

 

(c) Base of such shall be sized as to permit its installation without allowing it to come in contact with either the valve or the pipe.

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

' 51.187 EXECUTION.

 

(A) Preparation.

 

(1) Prior to laying pipe, prepare a suitable bedding according to Section 02221.

 

(2) Before placing pipe in the trench, field inspect for cracks or other defects; remove defective pipe from the construction site.

 

 

 

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Sewer System and Water Works System 75

 

 

(3) Swab the interior of the pipe to remove all undesirable material. The pipe interior, sealing surfaces, fittings and other accessories shall be kept clean.

 

(4) Prepare the bell end and remove undesirable material from the gasket and gasket recess.

 

(B) Installing pipe.

 

(1) Lay pipe true to the lines and grades from the grade and alignment stakes, or equally usable references.

 

(a) Laser alignment is the preferred pipe alignment method, any othermethod of pipe alignment must be approved by the Engineer.

 

(b) Where laser equipment is used, provide offset hubs at every manhole location for purposes of checking grade between sections.

 

(c) Where batter boards are used, furnish stakes at intervals of 50 feet along the route of the pipeline.

 

(d) Set stakes at such distance from centerline of excavation as is suitable for the excavating method and machinery used.

 

(e) Provide and use accurately set batter boards at each 50 foot interval in establishing the bottom invert of each pipe laid.

 

(2) Accurately establish the centerline of each pipe using a string stretched between targets and a plumb line extended to the centerline of the pipe.

 

(3) Carefully inspect all pipe and each fitting prior to its placement in the trench, and reject and remove any defective pipe or fitting from the job site.

 

(4) Lay pipe progressively up grade, with bell upstream, in such manner as to form close, concentric joints with smooth bottom inverts. Joining of all pipe shall be in accordance with manufacturer=s specifications.

 

(5) Bed each pipe section in accordance with Section 02221.

 

(6) Unless otherwise specified, provide all lines with a minimum of four feet of cover in roadways and two and one-half feet of cover in open areas, unless ductile iron pipe or concrete encasement is used.

 

(7) Do not allow walking on completed pipelines until backfill has been placed to a depth of at least six inches above the crown of the pipe.

 

(8) Keep the interior of the pipe free of all unneeded material, and upon completion of a section between any two manholes it shall be possible to view a complete circle of light when looking through the pipe.

 

(9) When laying of pipe ceases, close the open ends of the pipe with a suitable plug for preventing the entrance of foreign materials.

 

 

 

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(10) Couplings and adapters used for joining dissimilar gravity pipe materials, for repairing and rejoining sections of gravity sewer, and for connecting the first full joint of pipe to a short stub through a manhole wall shall meet the requirements of ASTM C‑425.

 

(11) All couplings and adapters for pipe shall be of rubber, plastic and metallic materials that will not be attacked by municipal wastewaters or aggressive elements in the soil and conform to ASTM C‑425, Section 5.

 

(12) Bypass pumping for line laying shall not be a pay item.

 

(C) Initial proof testing.

 

(1) It is the intent to specify a Atest as you go@ procedure in order to establish confidence in the installation and avoid the unnecessary delay of final acceptance.

 

(2) Before a reach of pipeline is approved for payment, successfully proof test that reach for grade, alignment, cleanliness, and leakage.

 

(3) In the event that four or more reaches fail to satisfactorily pass proof testing procedures, cease pipe laying until deficiencies are identified and corrected.

 

(4) The basis for grade, alignment and cleanliness testing will be visual inspection. Leakage testing will be by means of low pressure air exfiltration or infiltration as deemed by the Engineer.

 

(5) Proof test flexible pipeline installation for deflection by pulling a Ago‑no go@ test mandrell through the line after the initial backfill is complete to avoid unnecessary digups.

 

(D) Final testing.

 

(1) Before the job is accepted, a final testing procedure is to be followed.

 

(2) Perform a visual inspection when groundwater levels are above the pipeline if possible. All visible leaks shall be replaced.

 

(3) If there is evidence of infiltration, make measurement with suitable pipe weirs:

 

(a) If the flow through the lower most manhole of a continuous section of sewer of not more than 5,280 feet does not exceed 25 gallons/day/inch/mile of pipeline and the groundwater level is representative of the highest annual level, the entire continuous section shall be approved for leakage. Not more than two reaches of pipe shall be tested at any one time.

 

(b) The leakage test will be conducted with all lines connected (including service lines).

 

(c) If the apparent infiltration rate exceeds 25 gallons/day/inch/mile, then take additional weir measurements to isolate those sections leaking.

 

(d) Any single reach of pipeline which exhibits an apparent infiltration rate in excess of 25 gallons/day/inch/mile will not be accepted and all leaks will be located and corrected.

 

(4) Final acceptance of the pipe will be based on a low pressure air exfiltration (or other approved exfiltration) test.

 

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(a) Such tests, if approved by the Engineer, will be conducted in accordance with ASTM C‑828 or latest revision.

 

(b) When an exfiltration test is used as a substitute for infiltration testing, correct all conditions that are potential sources of infiltration.

 

(5) If flexible pipe is used, pull an approved go‑no go deflection mandrell of 95/100 pipe diameter through all branches of gravity sewer main. This test shall be conducted no sooner than 24 hours after completion of backfilling of the tested reach. No sections will be accepted that exhibit a deflection of more than 5%.

 

(E) Low pressure air exfiltration test.

 

(1) Calculate the pressure drop as the number of minutes for the air pressure to drop from a stabilized pressure of three and one-half to two and one-half P SIG.

 

(2) Times for mixed pipe sizes of varying length should be calculated as described in ASTM, C828‑76T using formula t = k (d/q) (q =.0020).

 

(3) Lengths of section under test shall not exceed 500 linear feet.

 

(4) The following times are for test sections with only one pipe size:

 

 

Nominal pipe size

Pipe size, inch

 

T (Time)

Sec/100 ft.

 

6

 

42

 

8

 

340

 

10

 

90

 

12

 

108

 

15

 

126

 

18

 

144

 

21

 

180

 

24

 

216

 

27

 

252

 

30

 

288

 

(F) Testing force mains.

 

(1) Tests are to be conducted on lengths between valves or plugs and in no case on more than 1,500 linear feet of pipe in any one section.

 

(2) After the pipe has been laid it shall be subjected to a hydrostatic pressure of 200 psi, based on the elevation of the lowest point in the line or section under test and corrected to the elevation of the test gauge.

 

(3) The duration of each pressure test shall be at least two hours when joints are exposed and four hours where any joints in the line are covered or backfilled. The pressure shall not drop more than five psi.

 

 

 

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(4) Each valve section of pipe shall be slowly filled with water and the specified test pressure, based on the elevation of the lowest point of the line or section under test and corrected to the elevation of the test gauge, shall be applied by means of a pump connected to the line. The pump, pipe connection, all necessary apparatus, and the gauges for the test, all taps into the pipe, and all necessary personnel for conducting the tests shall be furnished by the contractor and approved by the Engineer. Where any section of a main is provided with concrete reaction backing, the hydrostatic pressure test shall not be made until at least seven days have elapsed after the concrete reaction backing was installed.

 

(5) Before applying the specified test pressure, all air shall be expelled from the pipe. If release valves are not available at high places, the contractor shall, at his or her own expense, make the necessary taps at points of highest elevation before the test is made and provide corporation stops to seal the taps after the test has been completed.

 

(6) All exposed pipes, fittings, and joints will be carefully examined during the pressure test. Leaking joints shall be disassembled, cleaned, and reassembled and/or defective material replaced until all leakage is stopped.

 

(7) Any cracked or defective pipe or fittings discovered in consequence of this pressure test, shall be removed and replaced with sound material, and the test shall be repeated until satisfactory results are obtained.

 

(8) A leakage test shall be conducted concurrently with the pressure test. LEAKAGE is defined as the quantity of water to be supplied into the newly laid pipe, or any section thereof, necessary to maintain the specified leakage test pressure after the pipe has been filled with water and the air expelled.

 

(9) The contractor shall furnish the pump, pipe, connections, gauges, measuring devices, and all other necessary apparatus and shall furnish all necessary assistance to conduct the test.

 

(10) The duration of each leakage test shall equal the duration of the pressure test. No pipe will be accepted until the leakage during the test period is less than ten gallons per inch of diameter per mile of pipe per day.

 

(11) If any test discloses leakage greater than the allowance, the contractor shall, at his or her own expense, locate and repair defects until the leakage is within the specified allowance. Following repairs, the line shall be retested.

 

(12) Any visible leaks at exposed joints or leaks evident at the surface where joints are covered shall be repaired by rejoining regardless of the total leakage shown by any test.

 

(13) The owner will provide water for testing of new lines; however, should any section of line have to be retested due to failure of such lines to test up to specification, the water used will be furnished by the contractor and may be purchased from the owner at the rate of the lowest industrial user charge.

 

(G) Sewer manholesBgeneral.

 

(1) Unless otherwise specified, all manholes shall have an inside diameter of not less than four feet and a vertical wall height of not less than two and one-half feet. All manholes shall be wet‑cast pre‑cast concrete unless otherwise shown on plans or directed by the Engineer.

 

 

 

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(2) The clear opening in the manhole shall be not less than two feet.

 

(3) Depth of the manhole shall be the vertical distance from the lowest invert in the manhole to the base of the ring.

 

(4) The first sections of pipe entering and leaving the manhole shall be ductile iron, PVC or VCP.

 

(a) When PVC is installed, secure the pipe to the manhole wall by means of a transite manhole coupling, with O‑ring assembly, conforming to ASTM C‑923.

 

(b) Where VCP is used, connect the short stub to the pipe by a banded coupling.

 

(c) Lay these sections of pipe in a bed of Class I material.

 

(d) Use non‑shrink grout on pipes or couplings through manhole walls.

 

(e) For manholes used to replace a diversion box, firmly grout a two-foot stub pipe into the manhole using waterproof grout to form a neat, leakproof seal. Attach this pipe to the existing sewer with an approved flexible coupling.

 

(5) Apply two applications of waterproofing coating to the outside of each manhole section prior to backfilling.

 

(6) Backfill manholes with the same material used for pipeline.

 

(H) Standard precast concrete manholes.

 

(1) ASTM C‑478.

 

(2) The base of the manhole shall be Class B concrete not less than eight inches in depth with inverts not less than four inches in depth.

 

(3) Shape manhole inverts from Class B concrete to be smooth, accurately shaped, and in accordance with the plans.

 

(4) Inlets and outlets from each manhole shall be finished smooth and flush with the sides of manhole walls so as not to obstruct the flow of liquid through the manhole.

 

(5) When possible, the base of the manhole shall be poured on dry, consolidated and undisturbed soil.

 

(6) When wet or unconsolidated material occurs or when over‑excavation of the base occurs, provide a subbase with a minimum of 12 inches of Class I, granular material, well compacted with mechanical tamping equipment.

 

(7) When completed, the manhole shall be free from channel obstructions and leakage.

 

(8) Seal joints between sections with a rubber O‑ring or ARAM‑NEK@ gasket as shown on the plans.

 

(I) ACast‑in‑place@ concrete manholes.

 

 

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(1) Manholes shall conform to the dimensions outlined on the plans.

 

(2) The vertical forms, wall spacers, steps and placing cone must be carefully positioned and firmly clamped in place before any placement is made.

 

(3) The wall spacers must be located 90 degrees from each other.

 

(4) Use Class A concrete with a maximum slump of four inches per Section 03300.

 

(5) First place approximately one-half yard of concrete evenly around the walls and vibrate until there is a minimum slope of 60 degrees from the bottom of the forms to the bearing surface both inside and outside of the manhole.

 

(6) When this is complete and before additional concrete is added, vibrate the concrete on each side of each pipe.

 

(7) Deposit additional concrete in evenly distributed layers of about 18 inches with each layer vibrated to bond it to the preceding layer.

 

(8) Raise the wall spacers as the placements are made, with the area from which the spacer is withdrawn being carefully vibrated.

 

(9) Excessive vibration is to be avoided.

 

(10) A maximum of 2% calcium chloride may be added to the concrete, at the contractor=s option, to speed the set.

 

(11) Remove the forms as soon as the concrete has sufficiently set, but not within six hours of pouring and not without approval.

 

(12) Excessive honeycombs will be cause for rejection of the manhole. Honeycombs and other imperfections shall be mortared as soon as possible after from removal so that a proper bond will take place.

 

(13) Form marks and offsets of up to one inch will be permitted on the outside surface of the manhole.

 

(14) Form marks and offsets up to one-half inch will be permitted inside of the manhole.

 

(15) All offsets on the inside surface of the manhole will be smoothed and plastered so there is not projection or irregularity capable of scratching a worker or catching and holding water or solid materials.

 

(16) Honeycomb will be plastered with mortar, consisting of three parts of masonry sand to one part portland cement, immediately upon removal of the forms.

 

(J) Manhole steps.

 

(1) Set manhole steps at intervals of 16 inches along the wall of the manhole.

 

(2) The treads of the steps shall be free from mortar or other material when the manhole is completed.

 

 

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(3) In precast manholes, the holes left to receive the steps shall be mortared smooth following placement of the steps.

 

(K) Manhole rings and covers.

 

(1) Grout manhole rings and covers in place with cement mortars.

 

(2) The bearing surfaces between cast rings and covers shall be machined, fitted together, and match marked to prevent rocking.

 

(3) All castings shall be of the types, dimensions, and weights as shown on the plans and shall be free of faults, cracks, blow‑holes, or other defects.

 

(L) Drop manhole assemblies.

 

(1) Drop manhole assemblies shall be constructed as outlined on the plans.

 

(2) The material used in the drop pipe construction shall be ductile iron and Class B concrete.

 

(M) Manhole vacuum test.

 

(1) (a) It will be required that all manholes be subjected to a vacuum test of at least ten inches of mercury prior to acceptance by the owner. The time for the vacuum to drop to nine inches of mercury shall be recorded. Acceptance for four‑foot diameter manholes shall be defined as when the time to drop to nine inches of mercury meets or exceeds the following:

 

 

Manhole depth

 

Diameter

 

Time to drop 1" hg.

 

4 ft. to 10 ft.

 

4 feet

 

75 seconds

 

10 ft. to 15 ft.

 

4 feet

 

90 seconds

 

15 ft. to 25 ft.

 

4 feet

 

105 seconds

 

(b) For manholes five feet in diameter, add an additional 15 seconds and for six feet in diameter, add an additional 30 seconds to the time requirements for four-foot diameter requirements.

 

(c) If the manhole fails the initial test, the contractor shall locate the leak and make appropriate repairs, acceptable to the owner, in preparation for additional tests.

 

(2) The contractor is required to furnish all equipment necessary for this test including the manhole sealing apparatus, gauges, pump, plugs, and operating personnel.

 

(N) Sewer service assemblies.

 

(1) Where shown on the plans or located in the field, install fittings for individual service assemblies.

 

(a) The standard collector tap shall consist of a tee connected with a six-inch diameter branch.

 

 

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(b) Use vertical risers when the depth of the collector line is greater than eight feet or when their use will facilitate connection of individual services.

 

(c) Plug the ends of tee branches not to be used immediately with stoppers of the same material and joints used on the collector lines.

 

(2) Where shown on the plans or located in the field, install collector saddles by attaching to the sewer main by stainless steel bands secured by two bronze or stainless steel bolts, with a minimum diameter of three-eighths inch.

 

(3) Service pipe shall be a minimum of six inches in diameter and shall be installed where required in the field and as shown on the plans and details.

 

(a) The minimum grade on service pipe shall be 1%.

 

(b) Ends of service pipe shall be plugged.

 

(4) Existing sewer services which are cracked or broken and located parallel or transversing opened, proposed sewer trenches shall be replaced by the same size PVC pipe. Length of replacement pipe shall be that of the cracked or broken pipe only. Replacement pipe costs shall be a separate bid item and should not include trenching and backfilling.

 

(O) Measurement and payment for sewer pipe.

 

(1) Sewer pipe shall be measured by the linear foot of pipe installed, tested, and accepted inclusive of the trench, granular bed and backfill, removal and disposal of existing materials, inspection, internal testing, internal sealing or replacement of defective joints, fittings and appurtenances.

 

(2) Sewer pipe as above stipulated shall be paid for at the contract unit price per linear foot for sewer pipe of the various sizes and material classifications.

(Ord. 2005-13, passed 9-6-05)

 

 

 

POTABLE WATER

 

 

' 51.195 DEFINITIONS.

 

For the purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

 

PERSON. Any individual, partnership, co-partnership, firm, company, limited liability company, corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estate, political subdivision, or any other legal entity, or their representatives, agents or assigns.

 

POTABLE WATER. Any water used for human or domestic consumption, including, but not limited to, water used for drinking, bathing, swimming, washing dishes, or preparing foods.

(Ord. 2007-12, passed 7-17-07)

 

 

 

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' 51.196 GROUNDWATER AS POTABLE WATER SUPPLY PROHIBITED.

 

Except for such uses or methods in existence before the effective date of this subchapter, the use or attempt to use as a potable water supply groundwater from within the corporate limits of the City of Russellville, by the installation or drilling of wells or by any other method is hereby prohibited.

(Ord. 2007-12, passed 7-17-07) Penalty, see ' 51.999

 

 

 

GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES, FEES, GUIDELINES AND RATES

 

 

' 51.205 IN GENERAL.

 

(A) Customers requiring services should contact the Water and Sewer Department at Russellville City Hall. Contact may be made and payments are accepted at the following location:

 

Office location:

 

Russellville Building Office

106 Southwest Park Square

Russellville, KY 42776

270-726-5005 or 270-726-5006

 

(B) Business hours are 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.206 APPLICATION FOR EXISTING SERVICE.

 

(A) Prior to establishing service, it must be determined that the applicant does not have a prior outstanding balance due the city. If any balance is owed, service will be established upon payment of the previous account balance.

 

(B) Upon approval of the application by the city, the applicant must prepay all applicable fees and the refundable security deposit(s) prior to service connection by the city.

 

(C) The applicable security deposit is refundable upon written notice of termination of services and payment of all amounts owed.

 

(D) The applicant must agree to purchase water/sewer service under the rates, policies, rules, ordinances and regulations of the City of Russellville, as amended from time to time.

 

(E) No more than one residence, mobile home, or building may connect to one water source or sewer tap. For apartment buildings and mobile home parks, a landlord must have a separate meter installed by the city for each tenant unless the landlord pays the water bill for all tenants. It is illegal for a landlord to charge a tenant for water/sewer service on a monthly basis unless it is a fixed amount built into the rental payment regardless of usage.

 

 

 

 

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(F) In the case of multiple apartment buildings, if the City of Russellville does not install a meter for each tenant, the landlord must have a separate meter for each building. Water and/or sewer services purchased from the city may not be sub‑metered or resold.

 

(G) It shall be the responsibility of all ratepayers to maintain and repair water and sewer lines on their property. The ratepayer=s responsibility begins from the ratepayer=s side of the water meter and from the point at which the sewer tap is made into the main line. Ratepayer responsibility includes the cost of water associated with a leak on their property.

 

(H) The use of any type of Ajumper@ or Abypass@ is strictly prohibited. Any violation shall be considered theft of water and violators may be prosecuted under existing Kentucky law.

 

(I) The ratepayer shall at all times provide unobstructed access to meters and connections to city utilities.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.207 APPLICATION FOR NEW SERVICE.

 

(A) Applicant will notify the city when construction has reached the appropriate stage to establish services.

 

(B) Upon notification to the city of an application for new service, the following procedures shall be followed:

 

(1) The applicant/developer must complete and submit the application for new water and/or sewer service. The application must include preliminary drawings and information including water and sewer lines, fire hydrants, valves, roads, sidewalks, lots, easements, and any other features pertinent to the project.

 

(2) A meeting will be scheduled with the appropriate city personnel to review the project to determine any required changes and the additional project steps that must be completed. Changes may be required in order to meet the state standards, local standards, or city specifications.

 

(3) If required, the applicant is responsible for acquiring professional engineering services and obtaining all required permits and easements. Engineered drawings are to be submitted to City Utilities along with the original application for review and tentative approval prior to submittal to the state.

 

(4) Subsequent to city tentative approval, the applicant is responsible for submitting the drawings and project description to the Kentucky Division of Water (both the Bowling Green and Frankfort offices).

 

(5) After state approval, City Utilities must be notified and provided with copies of the approved drawings. The applicant must again meet with the appropriate city personnel to obtain final approval prior to start of construction. Subsequent changes to the original approved engineering drawings must be approved by City Utilities.

 

(6) The city will periodically review the progress of work and perform routine inspections to insure that the project is following the state standards, local standards, city specifications, and the approved drawings.

 

 

 

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(7) After construction of water lines, the customer will conduct hydrostatic testing under city supervision. Water lines shall be tested at a minimum of 150 PSI, or one and a half times the operating pressure (whichever is greater) and held for a minimum of three hours.

 

(8) Once hydrostatic testing is completed, disinfection of all water lines must be completed under city supervision. Water lines must be disinfected at a minimum of 50 PPM chlorine and must carry a residual of 25 PPM chlorine after 24 hours. Written documentation is required to certify that all testing was properly completed before placing the lines into service.

 

(9) All sanitary sewer lines shall be low‑pressure tested for leakage. Air tests will be conducted after all building connections have been installed to property lines and backfilling has been completed and compacted. Written documentation is required to certify that all testing was properly completed before placing the lines into service.

 

(10) Applicant must strictly adhere to the sewer use provisions in this chapter. Special attention must be paid to ' 51.023, which specifically prohibits discharging any unpolluted water such as storm water, groundwater, roof runoff, or subsurface drainage to any sanitary sewer.

 

(11) All proposed facilities which will provide food service shall install an approved properly operated and maintained grease interceptor/trap. Applicant should obtain a copy of the city grease control policy, and submit the city wastewater discharge restaurant permit application. This application must be approved and the applicable fees paid prior to the opening and discharging to the wastewater system.

 

(12) After all services are constructed, inspected, and tested, copies of the Aas built@ drawings are to be provided to the City Utilities Department.

 

(13) A work order will be issued to water distribution and/or water sewer maintenance to establish water and/or sewer service. Except in the case of an emergency, no services will be performed without a valid work order, and all applicable fees have been paid.

 

(C) Each applicant will be provided an approved copy of the application and a receipt for all fees and security deposits paid. Ensure that the applicant has acknowledged the rates, penalties, rules, policies, payment options and other pertinent information either contained in or provided with the application.

 

(D) All actual costs of water or sewer installations or extensions, including all integral parts thereof, shall be the responsibility of the customer. Newly constructed mains and/or main extensions are the customer=s responsibility for a period of one year, after which ownership automatically reverts to the city.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.208 DISCONTINUING SERVICE ON CUSTOMER REQUEST.

 

(A) Customers wishing to discontinue services must notify the City of Russellville in writing of their request.

 

(B) Customer is to pay all final charges prior to refunding of security deposit(s).

 

(C) If required, the customer security deposit is to be applied to outstanding charges. Any amount remaining is to be refunded to the customer by check.

 

 

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(D) Documents pertaining to the customer account are to be maintained on file as a permanent record.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.209 DISCONTINUING SERVICE DUE TO NON‑PAYMENT.

 

(A) As a courtesy, delinquent payment notices may be sent to all customers who have not rendered payment by the net due date indicated on their monthly bill.

 

(B) Payments not received within ten days of the net due date will be subject to disconnection of water services by the City Utilities Department.

 

(C) On the first working day after the ten day notice period, a disconnection order will be printed and service to the customer listed will be discontinued.

 

(D) Customers issued a disconnection order will be assessed a fee according to the most recent rate and fee schedules.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.210 CREDIT AGAINST CUSTOMER WATER LOSS.

 

(A) If a customer experiences a leak and seeks relief from the actual amount of the water/sewer bill, the ratepayer is directed to ' 51.170.

 

(B) Credit against water or sewer charges will not be given for water used for filling or maintaining swimming pools, fountains, ponds, water sprinklers or other similar items. Water used as a result of leaks from such items is the responsibility of the customer.

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07)

 

 

' 51.211 RATES AND FEES FOR SERVICES.

 

(A) The water cut‑on fee for existing service is $35 during normal working hours, $50 after hours.

 

(B) The cost of installation of new residential service is as follows:

 

 

Tap on fee

 

$ 300

 

Cut-on fee

 

35

 

Actual cost of meter and fittings

 

$$$$

 

(C) Charges for commercial or industrial meters (or meters larger than five-eights inch) will be determined at the time of application, depending on the type of service required.

 

(D) Sewer tap on fee for new service is $300 for each new house, mobile home, or building.

 

 

 

 

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(E) Reconnect fee to re‑establish service due to non‑payment is $35 during normal working hours, $50 after hours.

 

(F) A ten-day extension prior to disconnecting service may be granted by the Office Administrator. A payment of one-fourth of the outstanding balance to be applied to the account plus a $10 administrative fee not applied to the account must be paid up to a maximum total extension charge of $50. Only one extension fee may be applied for in any given billing period. No extension fees will be granted on commercial accounts.

 

(G) If a customer calls to report a leak, the city will recommend that they check for visible and audible leaks. Customers will be advised to first determine if the leak is on their property or inside the residence or building. If the city is requested to check for leaks and it is determined to be the customer=s responsibility, a $25 per hour service charge will apply during normal working hours, $35 per hour after normal working hours. The minimum charge is $25 during normal working hours, $35 after normal working hours. Service calls for leaks which are determined to be on city service lines will be at the expense of the city.

 

(H) Customers may request that their meter be tested if they believe that it is not metering correctly. If the customer requests that the meter be tested, a replacement meter will be set at no charge if the meter is found to be defective. If the original meter is found to be accurate after testing, a $25 service charge will apply.

 

(I) Customers may request that a meter be provided for the purpose of leak testing new or repaired water lines on private property. The city will provide this service at the rate of $25 per hour with a $25 minimum charge. This service is available only during normal working hours.

 

(J) There is a $25 charge for returned checks.

 

(K) Water is made available for fire protection to the point of connection to fire hydrants at no charge. Any other withdrawal of water from fire hydrants or the fire protection system is strictly prohibited without the express approval of the city.

 

(L) Cross‑connections are prohibited by 401 KAR 8:020. A CROSS CONNECTION is any physical connection between two otherwise separate systems one of which contains potable water and the other does not. Attaching to any portion of the water distribution system, including fire hydrants, is strictly prohibited. This requirement is based on the need to protect the water supply from contamination due to backflow or backsiphonage.

 

(M) If a customer requests a meter be set for water only service (no discharge to the sewer), the same charges will apply as for new water service.

 

(N) Administrative fee. An administrative fee for facilities with grease discharges is assessed by the City of Russellville. The fee is established to insure full cost recovery and shall include but not be limited to the cost of field, administrative, engineering, and clerical expenses involved. The fee is $100 per year for each facility. This annual administrative fee shall be applied to the customer=s July water and sewer service bill and be paid in accordance with this chapter.

 

(O) Water and sewer usage rates are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

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WATER

 

First 1,000 gallons

 

$13.29

 

Next 19,000 gallons

 

11.44

 

Next 30,000 gallons

 

10.06

 

Next 50,000 gallons

 

9.15

 

Next 400,000 gallons

 

8.24

 

Over 500,000 gallons

 

7.33

 

Water crisis surcharge

 

.55

 

SEWER

 

 

 

Per 1,000 gallons

 

$8.95

 

(P) A regional consumer price index will be used for any annual adjustments.

 

(Q) Low-income senior ratepayer and low-income disabled ratepayer program. This program is available for eligible ratepayers to receive a $10 monthly discount on water charges (Note: this does not apply to sewer, garbage or other charges).

 

(1) This applies only to the primary residence of eligible ratepayer.

 

(2) The water service must be in the name of the eligible ratepayer.

 

(3) The ratepayer=s monthly household income limits are as follows:

 

 

1 in household

 

$1,107

 

2 in household

 

1,484

 

3 in household

 

1,861

 

4 in household

 

2,238

 

5 in household

 

2,615

 

6 in household

 

2,992

 

7 in household

 

3,369

 

8 in household

 

3,746

 

For families with more than 8 in the household, add $377 per person.

 

(4) The low‑income ratepayer must be medically certified as having a total permanent disability; or be 65 years of age or older; and must be head of household.

 

(5) The ratepayer must be a homeowner or lessee of the residence.

 

 

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(6) The residence may not be used as a business to be eligible for the program.

 

(7) Ratepayers desiring to participate must apply for the discount at the Mayor=s office located at 168 South Main Street with the following information:

 

(a) Driver=s license or valid Kentucky Identification Card;

 

(b) Proof of last month=s income;

 

(c) Proof of disability, e.g., doctor=s statement (if applicable).

(Ord. 2007-01, passed 1-26-07; Am. Ord. 2008-01, passed 2-5-08; Am. Ord. 2008-08, passed 7‑22‑08; Am. Ord. 2008-19, passed 11-25-08)

 

 

' 51.212 TERMINATION OF WATER SERVICE FOR NON-PAYMENT; IMPLEMENTATION OF KRS 96.930 THROUGH 96.943.

 

(A) The City of Russellville will pay a water district or water association $2 per month to provide individual water meter readings for customers who are also Russellville sewer customers. Russellville will pass along this $2 charge to the customers of the water district or association each month.

 

(B) The City of Russellville can order a water district or water association to cut off the water to any customer who is delinquent on a Russellville sewer bill, and such order shall be honored within 30 days of its receipt.

 

(C) The City of Russellville will pay a reasonable disconnect fee, not to exceed $75, to a water district or water association to honor the order, and this fee shall be passed along by the City of Russellville to the customer of the water district or water association.

 

(D) A representative of the City of Russellville will be present when a water district or water association employee disconnects water for nonpayment of sewer service.

 

(E) The City of Russellville will be responsible for any water meter damaged by a water district or water association customer as a result of the disconnection, and any such damages paid will be passed along to such customer by the City of Russellville.

(Ord. 2008-01, passed 2-5-08)

 

 

' 51.213 LANDLORD AND TENANT.

 

(A) For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

 

OWNER. The person or business entity holding the last deed.

 

PRIMARY LEASEHOLDER. The person or business entity with a contractual obligation with the owner to occupy the leased premises.

 

(B) All meters within the city of Russellville must be in either the owner or primary leaseholder=s name within 60 days of passage. Failure to comply by notifying the city will result in

 

 

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the owner becoming responsible for all water, sewer, and sanitary pickup costs that become delinquent until such time as the landlord comes in compliance.

 

(C) Landlords of rental property within the city limits of Russellville must report to the city on the supplied cards or electronically when approved by the Administrator, within ten days, any time the status of the primary leaseholder changes. Failure to do so will result in the landlord becoming responsible for all water, sewer, and sanitary pickup costs and the meter being transferred to the landlord=s name.

 

(D) Landlords can request the meter to be changed into their name without charge or deposit any time the property is vacant and become liable for all water usage. Landlord may elect to have the service discontinued until such time as the property is again leased without any disconnect or re‑connect fees. Failure of the landlord to pay any fees will result in the discontinuation of service at the location until all fees and penalties are paid.

 

(E) Should a tenant be unable to comply with the required deposits the landlord may elect to leave the meter in their name and become the guarantor for payment of all water, sewer, and sanitary pickup costs. Landlord will be required to sign application card authorizing credit worthiness check and pay the required deposit fees based on credit worthiness from the ARussellville Meter Deposit Table@ below.

 

(F) Meter deposits from the ARussellville Meter Deposit Table@ are assumptions of usage. If usage exceeds assumptions for three consecutive months and account becomes delinquent and is disconnected for non‑payment, deposit will be re‑evaluated with average usage and assessed at the column three rates.

 

 

CITY OF RUSSELLVILLE METER DEPOSIT TABLE

 

CREDIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REF. GALLONS

 

Household

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

$25

 

$60

 

$90

 

2,000

 

2

 

50

 

80

 

120

 

3,000

 

3

 

50

 

100

 

150

 

4,000

 

4

 

50

 

120

 

180

 

5,000

 

5

 

50

 

140

 

210

 

6,000

 

6

 

50

 

160

 

240

 

7,000

 

7

 

50

 

180

 

270

 

8,000

 

8+

 

50

 

200

 

300

 

9,000

 

Commercial

 

100

 

500

 

750

 

 

 

MINIMUM 100% 150%

 

Meter deposits are based on normal usage. If usage exceeds assumptions for three consecutive months meter deposit may be increased in payments are not promptly made to the City of Russellville.

(Ord. 2008-08, passed 7-22-08)

 

 

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' 51.214 DEPOSITS.

 

(A) Meter deposits will be determined by applicant=s credit worthiness. Applicant may refuse credit check and elect to pay the maximum deposit.

 

(B) Credit worthiness will be determined by using AOnline Utilities Exchange.@

 

(C) Meter deposits will be recorded on the Russellville Meter Deposit Table.

 

(D) Any appeal of credit worthiness will be made to AOnline Utilities Exchange@ and not with the City of Russellville.

 

(E) All deposits will be held by the City of Russellville until the meter is no longer in the applicant=s name and will be applied to the final readout of the meter. Any overpayment will be refunded promptly to the applicant.

 

(F) Any person currently being assessed security deposit under this subchapter may request to be reevaluated under the new guidelines and any overpayment will be promptly returned.

(Ord. 2008-08, passed 7-22-09)

 

 

' 51.215 INACTIVE ACCOUNTS; UNPAID ACCOUNTS.

 

(A) Inactive and unpaid accounts currently on the books will be reviewed by the Administrator and when determined to be valid will be turned over to the AOnline Utility Exchange@ for collection.

 

(B) Any account whose status changed to inactive and unpaid will be reported to the AOnline Utility Exchange@ immediately. On a quarterly basis these accounts will be remitted for collection to the AOnline Utility Exchange.@

(Ord. 2008-08, passed 7-22-08)

 

 

 

CROSS CONNECTION PREVENTION PROGRAM

 

 

' 51.225 PURPOSE; AUTHORITY.

 

(A) It is the purpose of this subchapter to establish a program to assure that the public water supply is protected from any auxiliary water supply which may cause contamination due to backflow or cross connections. The City Council recognizes that contamination of the public water supply presents an imminent health hazard to the residential and non-residential users of the public water system; the threat of significant economic loss due to disrupted water service to such residential and nonresidential users and the potential liability to the city.

 

(B) It is the further purpose of this subchapter to meet the requirements of 401 KAR 8:020 as promulgated by the Kentucky Environmental and Public Protection Cabinet.

 

(C) This subchapter is enacted under the power vested in the city by KRS 82.082.

(Ord. 2006-06, passed 3-21-06)

 

 

 

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' 51.226 DEFINITIONS.

 

For the purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

 

AUXILIARY WATER SUPPLY. Any water supply on or available to the premises other that the city=s public water supply. These auxiliary waters may include water from any natural source such as a well, spring, river, stream or body of water or any water or other substance of unknown or questionable quality that may present a health or system hazard to the potable public water supply.

 

BACKFLOW. The reversal of the normal flow of water caused by either back pressure or back siphonage.

 

BACKFLOW PREVENTION ASSEMBLY. An assembly or means designed to prevent backflow. A listing of acceptable backflow prevention assemblies and degree of hazard is available in the Kentucky State Plumbing Law, Regulations and Code.

 

CONTAMINATION. An impairment of the quality of the potable water supply by any waste product, fluid, substance, compound or other material to a degree which creates an actual or potential hazard to the public health through poisoning or through the spread of disease.

 

CROSS CONNECTION. Any physical connection or arrangement of piping or fixtures between two otherwise separate piping systems one of which contains potable water and the other non-potable water or substance of questionable quality, through which, or because of which, backflow may occur into the potable water system.

 

THERMAL EXPANSION TANK. A device installed on the code water supply line near a water heater to compensate for the expansion of water within a water system when such water is heated.

(Ord. 2006-06, passed 3-21-06)

 

 

' 51.227 REQUIREMENTS.

 

The city shall provide protection to the public water system against backflow by implementing the following requirements:

 

(A) Residential. Buildings used for habitation or occupancy shall be considered as residential buildings. No new water service connection to any premises shall be installed or allowed to be installed by the city unless such service connection is protected by a backflow prevention assembly. Residential service connections shall be considered as low hazard applications and all such connections shall have at a minimum a dual check valve backflow preventer installed between the water meter and the residence. The city may require additional or alternate backflow prevention assemblies if the degree of hazard constitutes a higher level of protection for the public water system.

 

(B) Non-residential. No new water service connection to any non-residential facility shall be installed or allowed to be installed by the city unless such water service connection is protected by a backflow prevention assembly. The type of protective device required shall be determined at the time of installation of the service connection and shall be commensurate with the degree of hazard at the point of such service connection. At a minimum the service connection shall be installed with a dual check valve backflow preventer. In the event activities to occur within a non-residential facility change and create a higher degree of hazard, then the backflow prevention assembly shall be replaced with an assembly which provides acceptable protection.

 

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(C) Inspections. The customer=s water system shall be open for inspection at all reasonable times to authorized representatives of the city to determine whether cross connections or other structural or sanitary hazards, including violation of this subchapter, exist. When such a condition becomes know, the city shall deny or immediately discontinue service to the premises by providing a physical break in the service lien until the customer has corrected the condition in conformance with the state and city laws relating to plumbing, water supplies and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto. Water service to any premises shall be discontinued if it is found that a backflow prevention assembly required by this subchapter has been removed, bypassed, or if an unprotected cross connection exists on the premises. Service will not be restored until such conditions or defects are corrected.

 

(D) Existing service connections. All existing water service connections which do not have backflow prevention assemblies or existing water service connections which have less than the minimum required backflow prevention assemblies, shall, except for the inspection requirements, be excluded from the requirements of this subchapter so long as the city is assured that the public water system is satisfactorily protected. However, if the city determines that a hazard to health exits, then a backflow prevention assembly meeting the requirements of this subchapter may be installed on such existing service connection. Backflow prevention assemblies shall not be installed on existing service connections until after the property owner of such residential or commercial property has been informed of the actual and potential hazards that may be created as a result of such backflow assembly installation. Notices provided to such property owners shall include the following language:

 

AWhen cross connection control devices are properly installed, they create a closed water system. A properly sized thermal expansion tank shall be installed in the cold water supply located as near the water heater as possible.@

(Ord. 2006-06, passed 3-21-06) Penalty, see ' 51.999

 

 

 

' 51.999 PENALTY.

 

(A) (1) Written notice.

 

(a) Any user found to be violating any provision of '' 51.001 through 51.003, 51.020 through 51.024, 51.030, 51.031, 51.040 through 51.043, 51.050 through 51.053, 51.060 through 51.068, 51.100 through 51.116, 51.130, 51.131, 51.140 through 51.143, or 51.155 through 51.159 or a wastewater permit or order issued thereunder, shall be served by the Public Works Director or his or her designee with written notice stating the nature of the violation. The offender shall permanently remedy all violations upon receipt of this notice.

 

(b) As contained in ' 51.156, the notice may be of several forms. Also as contained in '' 51.155 through 51.159, penalties of various forms may be levied against users for violations of the sections listed above in division (A)(1)(a). The penalties, if levied, shall range from publication of violators in the local newspaper to administrative fines of at least $1,000 per day per violation.

 

(2) Revocation of permit.

 

(a) Any user violating any of the provisions of the sections listed above in division (A)(1)(a) or a wastewater permit order issued thereunder, may be subject to termination of its authority to discharge sewage into the City of Russellville=s sewer system. Such termination may be immediate if necessary for the protection of the POTW. The user may also have water service terminated.

 

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(b) Any user who violates the following conditions of the sections listed above in division (A)(1)(a), or applicable state or federal regulations, is subject to having his or her permit revoked in accordance with the procedures of those sections:

 

1. Failure of a user to factually report the wastewater constituents and characteristics of his or her discharge;

 

2. Failure of the user to report significant changes in operations, or wastewater constituents and characteristics;

 

3. Refusal of reasonable access to the user=s premises for the purpose of inspection or monitoring; or

 

4. Violation of conditions of the permit.

 

(3) Liability. Any user violating any of the provisions of the sections listed in division (A)(1)(a) above, discharge permit or other order issued thereunder shall become liable to the City of Russellville for any expense, loss or damage occasioned by the City of Russellville by reason of such violation. This civil liability is as provided by state and federal regulations.

 

(4) Misrepresentation and/or falsifying of documents. Any user who knowingly and/or negligently makes any false statements, representations or certification of any application, record, report, plan or other document filed or required pursuant to the sections listed above in division (A)(1)(a) or industrial user discharge permit or who falsifies, tampers with or knowingly and/or negligently renders inaccurate any monitoring device or method required under the sections listed in division (A)(1)(a) above, shall be punished by a fine of at least $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than 12 months in the county jail, or both.

 

(5) Destruction of POTW and legal action. No person(s) shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the POTW. Any person(s) violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under charge of disorderly conduct. It shall be noted that the Clean Water Act does not require proof of specific intent to obtain conviction.

 

(6) Legal action. If any person discharges sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes into the City of Russellville=s wastewater disposal system contrary to the provisions of the sections listed in division (A)(1)(a) above, federal or state pretreatment requirements or any order of the City of Russellville, the City of Russellville may commence an action for appropriate legal and/or equitable relief in the appropriate court of this jurisdiction. The City of Russellville may ask the court for reimbursement for reasonable attorney fees should the City of Russellville prevail in its legal enforcement action.

 

(7) Injunctive relief. Whenever a user has violated or continues to violate the provisions of the sections listed above in division (A)(1)(a) or permit or order issued hereunder, the Public Works Director, through counsel may petition the court for the issuance of a preliminary or permanent injunction or both (as may be appropriate) which restrains or compels the activities on the part of the industrial user.

 

(8) Civil penalties.

 

(a) Any user who has significantly violated or continues to violate any of the sections listed in division (A)(1)(a) above or any order or permit issued thereunder, may be liable to the City

 

 

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of Russellville for a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per day plus actual damages incurred by the POTW per violation per day for as long as the violation continues. Each day in which such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense. In addition to the above described penalty and damages, the City of Russellville may recover reasonable attorney=s fees, court costs, court reporter=s fees, and other expenses associated with the enforcement activities, including sampling and monitoring expenses.

 

(b) The City of Russellville may petition the court to impose, assess and recover such sums. In determining amount of liability, the court shall take into account all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the extent of harm caused by the violation, the magnitude and duration, any economic benefit gained through the user=s violation, corrective actions by the user, the compliance history of the user, and any other factor as justice requires.

 

(9) Criminal prosecution; violationsBgeneral.

 

(a) Any user who willfully or negligently violates any provision of the sections listed in division (A)(1)(a) above or any orders or permits issued thereunder shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not to exceed $1,000 per violation per day or imprisonment for up to 12 months in the county jail, or both.

 

(b) In the event of a second conviction, the user shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed $10,000 per violation per day or imprisonment for not more than 12 months per violation, or both.

 

(B) Any person violating the provisions of ' 51.196 shall be subject to a fine of up to $25 for each violation. Each day ' 51.196 is violated may be considered a separate offense.

 

(C) Any person violating any provision of '' 51.225 through 51.227 shall be deemed guilty of a violation and shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $100.

(Ord. 2005-12, passed 9-6-05; Am. Ord. 2006-06, passed 3-21-06; Am. Ord. 2007-12, passed 7-17-07)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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